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      Arbutus unedo induces endothelium-dependent relaxation of the isolated rat aorta.

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          Abstract

          Arbutus unedo L. (Ericaceae) is used in oriental Morocco to treat arterial hypertension. We studied its vasodilator effect and mechanisms of action in vitro. The root aqueous extract of Arbutus (0.25 mg/mL) produced a relaxation of noradrenaline-precontracted ring preparations of rat aorta with intact endothelium. Relaxation by Arbutus did not occur in specimens without endothelium and was inhibited by pretreatment with 100 microM N(G)-methyl-L-arginine (L-NMA), 10 microM methylene blue or 50 microM 1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazolo [4,3-a] quinoxaline-1-one (ODQ) but not by 10 microM atropine. These results suggest that Arbutus produces an endothelium-dependent relaxation of the isolated rat aorta which may be mediated mainly by a stimulation of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase by mechanisms other than activation of muscarinic receptors.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Phytother Res
          Phytotherapy research : PTR
          Wiley
          0951-418X
          0951-418X
          Sep 2002
          : 16
          : 6
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Laboratoire de Physiologie et Pharmacologie Cellulaire, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université Mohamed Premier, BP 524, Route Sidi Maafa, 60000 Oujda, Maroc. ziyyat@sciences.univ-oujda.ac.ma
          Article
          10.1002/ptr.1143
          12237817
          07fda3bd-7f87-4ef0-a47b-8467332fc52e

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