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      Long-term efficacy and safety in patients with rheumatoid arthritis continuing on SB4 or switching from reference etanercept to SB4

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          Abstract

          Objectives

          SB4 (Benepali, Brenzys) is a biosimilar of reference etanercept (ETN). In a randomised, double-blind, 52-week study, SB4 demonstrated comparable efficacy and safety to ETN in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The open-label extension period evaluated long-term efficacy, safety and immunogenicity when continuing SB4 versus switching from ETN to SB4.

          Methods

          In the randomised, double-blind phase, patients received weekly subcutaneous administration of 50 mg SB4 or ETN with background methotrexate for up to 52 weeks. Patients in the Czech Republic and Poland who completed the 52-week visit were enrolled in the open-label extension period and received SB4 for 48 additional weeks. Efficacy, safety and immunogenicity were assessed up to week 100.

          Results

          Of 245 patients entering the extension period, 126 continued to receive SB4 (SB4/SB4) and 119 switched to SB4 (ETN/SB4). American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response rates were sustained and comparable between SB4/SB4 and ETN/SB4 with ACR20 response rates at week 100 of 77.9% and 79.1%, respectively. Other efficacy results, including radiographic progression, were also comparable between the groups. After week 52, rates of treatment-emergent adverse events were 47.6% (SB4/SB4) and 48.7% (ETN/SB4); one patient/group developed non-neutralising antidrug antibodies. No cases of active tuberculosis or injection-site reactions were reported during the extension period. One patient (SB4/SB4) died of hepatic cancer.

          Conclusions

          SB4 was effective and well tolerated over 2 years in patients with RA. Efficacy, safety and immunogenicity were comparable between the SB4/SB4 and ETN/SB4 groups, showing no risk associated with switching patients from ETN to SB4.

          Trial registration number

          NCT01895309; 2012-005026-30

          Related collections

          Most cited references 11

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          How to read radiographs according to the Sharp/van der Heijde method.

          This article is a short overview of the development of the Sharp/van der Heijde methods for scoring radiographs of hands and feet in rheumatoid arthritis, in addition to a detailed description on how to use the scoring method.
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            Two-year clinical and radiographic results with combination etanercept-methotrexate therapy versus monotherapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: a two-year, double-blind, randomized study.

            To evaluate how continuation of and alterations to initial year 1 combination etanercept-methotrexate (MTX) therapy and MTX monotherapy regimens affect long-term remission and radiographic progression in early, active rheumatoid arthritis. Subjects were randomized at baseline for the entire 2-year period; those who completed 1 year of treatment with combination or MTX monotherapy entered year 2. The original combination group either continued combination therapy (the EM/EM group; n = 111) or received etanercept monotherapy (the EM/E group; n = 111) in year 2; the original MTX monotherapy group either received combination therapy (the M/EM group; n = 90) or continued monotherapy (the M/M group; n = 99) in year 2. Efficacy end points included remission (a Disease Activity Score in 28 joints [DAS28] <2.6) and radiographic nonprogression (change in the modified Sharp/van der Heijde score < or = 0.5) at year 2. A last observation carried forward analysis from the modified intention-to-treat population (n = 398) and a post hoc nonresponder imputation (NRI) analysis (n = 528) were performed for remission. At year 2, DAS28 remission was achieved by 62/108, 54/108, 51/88, and 33/94 subjects in the EM/EM, EM/E, M/EM, and M/M groups, respectively (P < 0.01 for the EM/EM and M/EM groups versus the M/M group). This effect was corroborated by a more conservative post hoc 2-year NRI analysis, with remission observed in 59/131, 50/134, 48/133, and 29/130 of the same respective groups (P < 0.05 for each of the EM/EM, EM/E, and M/EM groups versus the M/M group). The proportions of subjects achieving radiographic nonprogression (n = 360) were 89/99, 74/99, 59/79, and 56/83 in the EM/EM (P < 0.01 versus each of the other groups), EM/E, M/EM, and M/M groups, respectively. No new safety signals or between-group differences in serious adverse events were seen. Early sustained combination etanercept-MTX therapy was consistently superior to MTX monotherapy. Combination therapy resulted in important clinical and radiographic benefits over 2 study years, without significant additional safety risk.
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              The immunogenicity, safety, and efficacy of etanercept liquid administered once weekly in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

              To evaluate the immunogenicity, safety, and efficacy of 50 mg/mL liquid etanercept. In a multicenter, open-label study, adults with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) received 50 mg/mL liquid etanercept subcutaneously once weekly for 24 weeks. Immunogenicity was assessed at baseline and weeks 24 and 28, safety at all study visits, and efficacy at baseline and weeks 12 and 24. Of 222 treated patients, 88% completed the study; 81% were women; 84% were white; mean age was 53 years; mean RA duration was 10 years. Antibodies to etanercept, all non-neutralizing, were detected in 12 of 214 patients; 7 of the 12 were borderline positive (antibody titers <1:50). The presence of non-neutralizing anti-etanercept antibodies did not appear to affect clinical safety or efficacy. Few patients reported serious adverse events (6.3%), serious infections (2.3%), or withdrew because of adverse events (4.5%). Most adverse events were mild or moderate. The most common event, injection site reaction, occurred in 29.3% patients. At week 24, 63% of patients achieved an ACR20 response, 36% an ACR50 response, and 14% an ACR70 response. Similar responses were apparent by week 12. Week 24 mean improvement in the Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index scores was 0.6 points; improvement in the Short Form-36 Physical Component Score was 10.0 points. The 50 mg/mL liquid etanercept formulation administered once weekly was well tolerated. The incidence of anti-etanercept antibodies, the nature and frequency of adverse events, and improvements in signs and symptoms of RA and patient physical function were similar to those in previous etanercept studies.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Ann Rheum Dis
                Ann. Rheum. Dis
                annrheumdis
                ard
                Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
                BMJ Publishing Group (BMA House, Tavistock Square, London, WC1H 9JR )
                0003-4967
                1468-2060
                December 2017
                9 August 2017
                : 76
                : 12
                : 1986-1991
                Affiliations
                [1 ]departmentArthritis Research , Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Leeds , Leeds, UK
                [2 ]departmentNIHR Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit , Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust , Leeds, UK
                [3 ]departmentRheumatology , Institute of Rheumatology , Prague, Czech Republic
                [4 ]departmentRheumatology , NZOZ Medica Pro Familia Sp. z o.o. , Warsaw, Poland
                [5 ]departmentRheumatology , Poznan University of Medical Sciences , Poznan, Poland
                [6 ]departmentRheumatology , Poznanski Osrodek Medyczny NOVAMED , Pultusk, Poland
                [7 ]departmentRheumatology , Medicome Sp. z o.o , Oswiecim, Poland
                [8 ]departmentRheumatology , Centrum Terapii Wspolczesnej J.M. Jasnorzewska sp. komandytowo-akcyjna , Bialystok, Poland
                [9 ]departmentRheumatology , Revmacentrum MUDr. Mostera sro , Brno, Czech Republic
                [10 ]departmentClinical Sciences Division , Samsung Bioepis Co., Ltd. , Incheon, Republic of Korea
                Author notes
                [Correspondence to ] Professor Paul Emery, Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Leeds, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Chapeltown Road, Leeds LS7 4SA, UK; p.emery@ 123456leeds.ac.uk
                Article
                annrheumdis-2017-211591
                10.1136/annrheumdis-2017-211591
                5705842
                28794078
                © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

                This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

                Product
                Funding
                Funded by: Samsung Bioepis Co., Ltd.;
                Categories
                Clinical and Epidemiological Research
                1506
                2311
                Extended report
                Custom metadata
                unlocked

                Immunology

                anti-tnf, dmards (biologic), rheumatoid arthritis, tnf-alpha, treatment

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