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      Experimental Ocular Toxoplasmosis in Naive and Primed Rabbits

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          Abstract

          Purpose: Investigations of the course of ocular toxoplasmosis and the influence of a host’s immunological status in an animal model would contribute to our understanding of the pathophysiology underlying this condition. In the current study, these aspects are addressed using naive and primed rabbits infected transvitreally with the non-cyst-forming BK strain of Toxoplasma gondii. Materials and Methods: Of 45 latex agglutination test-negative rabbits, 27 were infected subcutaneously with 5,000 Toxoplasma tachyzoites, and the ensuing infection treated by systemic administration of clindamycin for 20 days. Four of these rabbits died from generalized infection. The remaining 23 primed rabbits were then inoculated periretinally with a further 5,000 Toxoplasma tachyzoites, administered via the transvitreal route; the 18 naive rabbits were treated likewise. Results: All 18 naive and 21 of the 23 primed rabbits developed toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. As regarded progression of the disease, dissemination of the condition (p = 0.0001), degree of vitreal infiltration (p = 0.0001) and incidence of retinal detachment (p < 0.05) were all more pronounced in the naive group. Despite treatment, 4 of the 18 (22%) naive rabbits died from generalized infection, as did 4 of the 27 (15%) subcutaneously infected ones (prior to periretinal infection). In the primed (secondarily infected) animal group, only moderate signs of systemic infection were manifested, and there were no fatalities. Conclusion: The high incidence (> 90%) of retinochoroiditis achieved even in primed animals, by introducing Toxoplasma tachyzoites via the transvitreal route, may reflect the maintenance of an intact uveovascular barrier during the early stages of the disease. The pattern of infection, in being restricted primarily to the retina, mimics the situation evinced in humans. Regarding propagation of the disease, the condition manifested in naive rabbits resembles that occurring in immunodeficient patients, whereas that evoked in primed animals corresponds to recurrence of infection in immunocompetent patients.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          OPH
          Ophthalmologica
          10.1159/issn.0030-3755
          Ophthalmologica
          S. Karger AG
          0030-3755
          1423-0267
          1998
          April 1998
          22 January 1998
          : 212
          : 2
          : 136-141
          Affiliations
          Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bern, Switzerland
          Article
          27293 Ophthalmologica 1998;212:136–141
          10.1159/000027293
          9486555
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 35, Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper · Travail original · Originalarbeit

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