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      The Capitalist Peace

      American Journal of Political Science

      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Most cited references 81

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          Normative and Structural Causes of Democratic Peace, 1946–1986.

          Democratic states are in general about as conflict- and war-prone as nondemocracies, but democracies have rarely clashed with one another in violent conflict. We first show that democracy, as well as other factors, accounts for the relative lack of conflict. Then we examine two explanatory models. The normative model suggests that democracies do not fight each other because norms of compromise and cooperation prevent their conflicts of interest from escalating into violent clashes. The structural model asserts that complex political mobilization processes impose institutional constraints on the leaders of two democracies confronting each other to make violent conflict unfeasible. Using different data sets of international conflict and a multiplicity of indicators, we find that (1) democracy, in and of itself, has a consistent and robust negative effect on the likelihood of conflict or escalation in a dyad; (2) both the normative and structural models are supported by the data; and (3) support for the normative model is more robust and consistent.
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            Cooperation under the Security Dilemma

             Robert Jervis (1978)
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              Democracy and Redistribution

               Carles Boix (2003)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                American Journal of Political Science
                Am J Political Science
                Wiley-Blackwell
                0092-5853
                1540-5907
                January 2007
                January 2007
                : 51
                : 1
                : 166-191
                Article
                10.1111/j.1540-5907.2007.00244.x
                08b2989b-8828-4f4a-b921-2ebecac341cd
                © 2007

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