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      Accidental Politicians: How Randomly Selected Legislators Can Improve Parliament Efficiency

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          Abstract

          We study a prototypical model of a Parliament with two Parties or two Political Coalitions and we show how the introduction of a variable percentage of randomly selected independent legislators can increase the global efficiency of a Legislature, in terms of both the number of laws passed and the average social welfare obtained. We also analytically find an "efficiency golden rule" which allows to fix the optimal number of legislators to be selected at random after that regular elections have established the relative proportion of the two Parties or Coalitions. These results are in line with both the ancient Greek democratic system and the recent discovery that the adoption of random strategies can improve the efficiency of hierarchical organizations.

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          Choosing Representatives by Lottery Voting

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            Physical chemistry: seeds of phase change.

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              Efficient Promotion Strategies in Hierarchical Organizations

              , , (2011)
              The Peter principle has been recently investigated by means of an agent-based simulation and its validity has been numerically corroborated. It has been confirmed that, within certain conditions, it can really influence in a negative way the efficiency of a pyramidal organization adopting meritocratic promotions. It was also found that, in order to bypass these effects, alternative promotion strategies should be adopted, as for example a random selection choice. In this paper, within the same line of research, we study promotion strategies in a more realistic hierarchical and modular organization and we show the robustness of our previous results, extending their validity to a more general context. We discuss also why the adoption of these strategies could be useful for real organizations.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                2011-03-07
                2011-06-07
                Article
                10.1016/j.physa.2011.06.028
                1103.1224
                09091900-85f4-4f7c-a632-19a708ffa455

                http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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                Custom metadata
                Physica A 390 (2011) 3944-3954
                19 pages, 7 figures, new improved and longer version
                physics.soc-ph cond-mat.stat-mech cs.SI

                Social & Information networks,Condensed matter,General physics
                Social & Information networks, Condensed matter, General physics

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