It is currently believed that triple oral antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) should be recommended if there are no contraindications. However, selecting triple therapy for AF patients undergoing PCI is still challenging when bleeding risk is considered. This study aimed to investigate the current use of oral anticoagulants (Vitamin K antagonists [VKA]) and perform prognostic analysis in real-world patients with AF undergoing coronary stenting.
A total of 276 consecutive coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with or without AF undergoing coronary stenting were retrospectively evaluated and analyzed. The univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to explore the current use of VKA and prognosis of patients with AF undergoing coronary stenting. The primary end-point was composite of all-cause death, nonfatal recurrent myocardial infarction, stroke, serious bleeding events, unplanned repeat revascularization, and worsening heart failure at 12-month follow-up after coronary stenting.
AF patients undergoing coronary stenting have more clinical concomitant diseases. Only 9.0% AF patients after coronary stenting received triple antithrombotic therapy (VKA, aspirin, and clopidogrel) at discharge. AF was independently associated with increased risk of the 12-month composite end-points (relative risk = 5.732, 95% confidence interval 1.786–18.396, P = 0.003).