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      Excitotoxicity effects of glutamate on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells via oxidative damage Translated title: 谷氨酸致人神经母细胞瘤细胞兴奋性毒损伤的机制

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          Abstract

          Objective

          To investigate the mechanisms of excitotoxic effects of glutamate on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.

          Methods

          SH-SY5Y cell viability was measured by MTT assay. Other damaged profile was detected by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and by 4′, 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining. The cytosolic calcium concentration was tested by calcium influx assay. The glutamate-induced oxidative stress was analyzed by cytosolic glutathione assay, superoxide dismutase (SOD) assay and extracellular malondialdehyde (MDA) assay.

          Results

          Glutamate treatment caused damage in SHSY5Y cells, including the decrease of cell viability, the increase of LDH release and the alterations of morphological structures. Furthermore, the concentration of cytoplasmic calcium in SH-SY5Y cells was not changed within 20 min following glutamate treatment, while cytosolic calcium concentration significantly increased within 24 h after glutamate treatment, which could not be inhibited by MK801, an antagonist of NMDA receptors, or by LY341495, an antagonist of metabotropic glutamate receptors. On the other hand, oxidative damage was observed in SH-SY5Y cells treated with glutamate, including decreases in glutathione content and SOD activity, and elevation of MDA level, all of which could be alleviated by an antioxidant Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA, a major active ingredient from a Chinese plant Salvia Miltiorrhiza Bge).

          Conclusion

          Glutamate exerts toxicity in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells possibly through oxidative damage, not through calcium homeostasis destruction mediated by NMDA receptors.

          摘要

          目的

          探讨谷氨酸导致人神经母细胞瘤细胞(SH-SY5Y cells)兴奋性毒损伤的机制。

          方法

          MTT法检测SH-SY5Y细胞存活率; 测定乳酸脱氢酶释放量观察细胞损伤程度; DAPI染色法观察细胞凋亡形态学特点; 钙流法检测胞浆钙离子浓度变化; 以胞内谷胱甘肽、 超氧化物歧化酶活性和胞外丙二醛含量检测谷氨酸引发SH-SY5Y细胞的氧化应激状态。

          结果

          谷氨酸导致SH-SY5Y细胞受损, 包括存活率下降、 乳酸脱氢酶释放量增多及形态结构发生改变; 谷氨酸处理20 min 后, 胞浆钙离子浓度无显著改变, 而处理24 h 后, 胞浆钙离子大量增加, 且MK801 (NMDA受体拮抗剂)及LY341495 (代谢型谷氨酸受体拮抗剂)均不能抑制钙离子内流的增多; 谷氨酸可导致SH-SY5Y氧化损伤, 包括胞内谷胱甘肽含量减少、 超氧化物歧化酶活性降低、 胞外脂质过氧化产物丙二醛水平升高等, 而丹参酮IIA (一种抗氧化剂)可减轻这些氧化损伤。

          结论

          谷氨酸导致SH-SY5Y细胞兴奋性毒损伤可能是通过氧化损伤产生的, 而不依赖于NMDA 受体介导的钙稳态的破坏。

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          Author and article information

          Contributors
          86-21-62233967 , 86-21-62601953 , bmei@brain.ecnu.edu.cn
          Journal
          Neurosci Bull
          Neurosci Bull
          Neuroscience Bulletin
          Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Heidelberg )
          1673-7067
          1995-8218
          3 February 2010
          February 2010
          : 26
          : 1
          : 8-16
          Affiliations
          GRID grid.22069.3f, ISNI 0000000403696365, Shanghai Institute of Brain Functional Genomics, and Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, MOE & STCSM, , East China Normal University, ; Shanghai, 200062 China
          Article
          PMC5560379 PMC5560379 5560379 813
          10.1007/s12264-010-0813-7
          5560379
          20101268
          © Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, CAS and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010
          Categories
          Original Article
          Custom metadata
          © Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, CAS and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

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