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      Expansion of Achatina fulica in Brazil and potential increased risk for angiostrongyliasis.

      Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

      Angiostrongylus, physiology, Animals, Brazil, Disease Vectors, Humans, Snails, parasitology, Strongylida Infections, diagnosis, drug therapy, transmission

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          Abstract

          The explosive introduction of the snail Achatina fulica in Brazil illustrates the current concern with global changes favouring dissemination of infectious diseases. The mollusc is an important host for Angiostrongylus cantonensis, which occurs in Asia and the Pacific Islands and is a causative agent for eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. In the Americas there is another metastrongylid worm, An. costaricensis, that causes abdominal disease and may also be transmitted by Ac. fulica. Although both infections may occur in focal outbreaks and with low morbidity, very severe complicated clinical courses pose a challenge for diagnosis and treatment. Data on abdominal angiostrongyliasis are briefly reviewed.

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          Journal
          17481682
          10.1016/j.trstmh.2007.03.012

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