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      Fortified Barrier Laser On The Vitreous Base In Vitrectomy For Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment

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          Abstract

          Purpose

          To investigate the efficacy of fortified barrier laser (FBL) on the vitreous base in vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

          Patients and methods

          This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent vitrectomy for RRD without proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Barrier laser was applied as 3–4 rows surrounding the break at the end of fluid-air exchange. For the FBL, 3–4 rows of laser burn were additionally made about 0.5 clock-hour long adjacent to the break along the posterior border of the vitreous base. The primary outcome was single surgery success rate (SSSR) between two groups: FBL and conventional barrier laser (CBL) groups.

          Results

          Overall, 118 eyes were included; 50 eyes in the FBL group and 68 eyes in the CBL group. SSSR was 100% (50/50) in the FBL group and 91.2% (62/68) in the CBL group with a significant difference (p=0.038). Four eyes of the recurrent cases in the CBL group were related to reopening of the break. All eyes achieved reattachment, and no differences were found in postoperative visual acuity at 6 months.

          Conclusion

          FBL on the vitreous base was efficacious in improving the anatomical success rate of vitrectomy.

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          Most cited references 27

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          Vitrectomy: a pars plana approach.

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            Primary vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: an analysis of 512 cases.

            Primary pars plana vitrectomy (PPPV) has gained widespread popularity in the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD). However, the surgical procedure is still flawed by a significant rate of anatomical and functional failures. The study was conducted to analyse the risk factors for a dissatisfying postoperative outcome. We carried out a retrospective study of 512 cases of PPPV with a minimum follow-up of 3 months from one institution over a 9-year period. Preoperatively, 24.8% of patients (127 out of 512) were pseudophakic, 16.4% (84 out of 512) highly myopic, 19.9% (102 out of 512) had preoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and 14.6% (75 out of 512) had vitreous haemorrhage. The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 108 months (median 14.8). Retinal reattachment was achieved with one operation in 70.7% (362 out of 512) and after one or more operations in 97.5% of cases (499 out of 512). The major reasons for redetachments were new retinal breaks, followed by a combination of new breaks and PVR, and PVR without apparent breaks. Postoperative visual acuities of > or =0.1 and > or =0.4 were achieved in 82.8% (424 out of 512) and 48.2% (247 out of 512) respectively. Out of 376 phakic patients at study entry, 66.4% (250 out of 376) underwent cataract surgery either in combination with PPPV or during the postoperative course. Factors that were significantly associated with either anatomical or functional failure included duration of symptoms, low preoperative visual acuity, myopia, amblyopia, hypotony, macular detachment, preoperative PVR, extent of detachment, involvement of inferior quadrants, no detectable breaks, large breaks, breaks posterior to the equator, surgeon, level of surgical training, endocryotherapy, and combined scleral buckling surgery. Primary pars plana vitrectomy is still flawed by a relatively high primary redetachment rate following the initial procedure. The advantages of the technique are a high final reattachment rate and relatively good functional results in a subset of patients with more complicated types of RRD. The risk factors for postoperative failures following PPPV for RRD match to a large extent those following scleral buckling surgery (SBS). Future improvements of the technique will have to focus on modifiable risk factors, such as details of the surgical procedures, surgical training and case selection, to distinguish it from SBS.
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              Retinal redetachment after removal of intraocular silicone oil tamponade.

              To evaluate frequency and risk factors of retinal redetachment after removal of intraocular silicone oil tamponade. The study included 225 patients who consecutively underwent intraocular silicone oil removal at a mean interval of 10 months after pars plana vitrectomy had been performed by one of two surgeons. Mean follow up time was 17.37 (SD 14.40) months (range 3.02-67.42 months). In 57 of 225 (25.3%) patients, the retina detached after removal of silicone oil. Risk factors for retinal redetachment were the following: number of previously unsuccessful retinal detachment surgeries (p=0.0008); surgeon (p=0.007); visual acuity before silicone oil removal (p=0.009); incomplete removal of vitreous base (p=0.01); absence of an encircling band in eyes with proliferate vitreoretinopathy in which an inferior retinotomy had not been performed (p=0.01); and indication for pars plana vitrectomy. Rate of retinal redetachment was statistically (p>0.05) independent of the technique of silicone oil removal and duration of silicone oil endotamponade. Retinal redetachment after removal of silicone oil endotamponade can occur in approximately a fourth of patients, depending on the criteria to use and to remove silicone oil. Risk factors for recurrent detachment included the following: number of previously unsuccessful retinal detachment surgeries, surgeon, preoperative visual acuity, incomplete removal of the vitreous base, absence of an encircling band, and reason for pars plana vitrectomy. The rate of retinal redetachment is independent of the technique of silicone oil removal and duration of silicone oil endotamponade, with a minimal duration of silicone oil tamponade of about 3 months in the present study.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Clin Ophthalmol
                Clin Ophthalmol
                OPTH
                clinop
                Clinical Ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.)
                Dove
                1177-5467
                1177-5483
                31 October 2019
                2019
                : 13
                : 2127-2133
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University , Yangsan, South Korea
                [2 ]Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital , Busan, South Korea
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Jae Jung Lee Department of Ophthalmology, Pusan National University Hospital , 179 Gudeok-ro, Seo-gu, Busan49241, South KoreaTel +82-51-240-7957 Email jlee@pusan.ac.kr
                Article
                223415
                10.2147/OPTH.S223415
                6827521
                © 2019 Park et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 3, References: 28, Pages: 7
                Categories
                Original Research

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