Background: Electrolyte impairments are common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Consequently, QT dispersion (QTd) is prolonged, correlating with high intracellular magnesium. In patients with cardiac disorders, renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibition reduces QTd. Aim: To compare the effects of ACE inhibition or AT-1 blockade on QTd duration and intracellular magnesium (Mg)/calcium (Ca) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from chronic HD patients. Methods: 24 HD patients received cilazapril for 8 weeks and, following a 2-week withdrawal, were switched to valsartan for additional 8 weeks. QTd measurements and PBMC isolation were performed at the beginning and the end of each period. Total intracellular Ca and Mg were assessed by atomic spectrometer, and cytosolic free Ca<sup>2+</sup> by fluorocytometer. Results: Both treatments significantly decreased QTd, demonstrating similar reduction magnitudes. In both groups, PBMC exhibited basally low cytosolic Ca<sup>2+</sup> and undisturbed high transmembrane Ca<sup>2+</sup> influx following phytohemagglutinin stimulation. Total intracellular Ca was increased, while Mg was reduced, following either treatment. The total intracellular Ca/Mg ratio inversely correlated with QTd duration. Conclusions: (1) RAS inhibition reduces prolonged QTd in HD patients. (2) In PBMC from ordinarily Ca-depleted HD patients, RAS suppression brings about elevation of total intracellular Ca. (3) RAS blockade decreases high intracellular Mg in PBMC from HD patients. Consequently, the Ca/Mg ratio increases, inversely correlating with QTd reduction.