0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Targeted Next Generation Sequencing improves detection and quantification of rare species from eDNA

      , ,

      ARPHA Conference Abstracts

      Pensoft Publishers

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Targeted species detection from eDNA is central to identifying and quantifying rare (i.e. invasive or endangered) species to inform conservation and resource management. Here we introduce a new targeted Next Generation Sequencing (tNGS) assay that shows improved detection relative to quantitative (q)PCR at low eDNA concentrations and increased precision to detect spatial variation in eDNA concentration related to species abundance. We compare the tNGS and qPCR methods using invasive European green crab (Carcinus maenas) in the northeast Pacific Ocean as a test case, and find that crab abundance measured by traditional trapping is significantly correlated with eDNA concentration across multiple sites for both methods. However, the tNGS assay outperformed qPCR in all tests: (1) increased precision of eDNA concentration estimation; (2) a 7-10% increase in detection probability at low abundance sites; and (3) greater power to detect spatial variation in eDNA concentration. The accuracy of predicting green crab abundance from eDNA concentration increased with the number of field replicates sampled and did not change appreciably over a tidal cycle. Green crab eDNA concentration behaving similarly to abundance measured from trapping demonstrates great promise for this tool to be implemented for early detection and routine monitoring surveys. The tNGS assay is easily accessible for surveying other species with existing qPCR assays and can thus be potentially important for detection and quantification of any species of high interest to management.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Contributors
          (View ORCID Profile)
          Journal
          ARPHA Conference Abstracts
          ACA
          Pensoft Publishers
          2603-3925
          March 04 2021
          March 04 2021
          : 4
          Article
          10.3897/aca.4.e65075
          © 2021

          Comments

          Comment on this article