Roméo-Karl Imboumy-Limoukou 1 , 2 , 3 , Sandrine Lydie Oyegue-Liabagui 4 , Stella Ndidi 1 , Irène Pegha-Moukandja 1 , 3 , Charlene Lady Kouna 1 , Francis Galaway 5 , Isabelle Florent 2 , Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki 1 , 6 , *
03 November 2016
The analysis of immune responses in diverse malaria endemic regions provides more information to understand the host’s immune response to Plasmodium falciparum. Several plasmodial antigens have been reported as targets of human immunity. PfAMA1 is one of most studied vaccine candidates; PfRH5 and Pf113 are new promising vaccine candidates. The aim of this study was to evaluate humoral response against these three antigens among children of Lastourville (rural area) and Franceville (urban area). Malaria was diagnosed using rapid diagnosis tests. Plasma samples were tested against these antigens by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We found that malaria prevalence was five times higher in the rural area than in the urban area ( p < 0.0001). The anti-PfAMA1 and PfRh5 response levels were significantly higher in Lastourville than in Franceville ( p < 0.0001; p = 0.005). The anti-AMA1 response was higher than the anti-Pf113 response, which in turn was higher than the anti-PfRh5 response in both sites. Anti-PfAMA1 levels were significantly higher in infected children than those in uninfected children ( p = 0.001) in Franceville. Anti-Pf113 and anti-PfRh5 antibody levels were lowest in children presenting severe malarial anemia. These three antigens are targets of immunity in Gabon. Further studies on the role of Pf113 in antimalarial protection against severe anemia are needed.