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      Impact of filamentous cyanobacteria on the water quality of two tropical reservoirs Translated title: Impacto de cianobactérias filamentosas na qualidade da água de dois açudes tropicais

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT Artificial lakes play an important role in water availability in tropical semi-arid Northeastern Brazil. However, in addition to the negative effects that dams have on the water quality of rivers, other practices such as discharge of untreated wastewater, intensive crop fertilization and fish farming have been contributing to water quality deterioration. Climate change may be another driver of water quality decrease. Increases in precipitation and drought intensities as well as temperature increase may redefine the dynamics of planktonic communities and favour species more adapted to the new environment. Water samples were collected in two reservoirs selected based on the recurrence of positive results for saxitoxins, Acarape do Meio (AM) and Sitios Novos (SN). In general, diversity in SN (1.08) was higher than in the AM (0.60). Phytoplankton dynamics in these reservoirs differ from other reservoirs in the same region of Brazil, in the sense that filamentous cyanobacteria are dominant. Furthermore, lower diversity, concentration and richness of chlorophyceae and bacillariophyceae were found in both reservoirs. Increase in diversity was observed during the intense rainy season of 2011, suggesting a slight improvement of water quality. A close inverse correlation between Cylindrospermopsis sp and other cyanobacteria was found in SN (R2= –0.862) and in AM (R2= –0.997) and the data collected demonstrates that a season with intensive rainfall may lead to lower cyanobacteria concentrations probably due to water dilution and higher flushing rates.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMO Os lagos artificiais tem um papel primordial na disponibilidade hídrica no semi-árido Brasileiro. Entretanto, além dos efeitos negativos que os barramentos dos rios causam sobre a qualidade da água, a descarga de esgotos, a irrigação e a piscicultura intensivas vêm acentuando a deterioração da qualidade da água em um ritmo sem precedentes nesta região. A mudança climática é outro fator de impacto negativo na qualidade da água. O aumento da intensidade das precipitações pode redefinir a dinâmica das comunidades de plâncton e espécies mais adaptadas a ambientes extremamente variáveis. Os reservatórios estudados, Acarape do Meio (AM) e Sítios Novos (SN), foram selecionados com base na recorrência de resultados positivos para saxitoxinas. A dinâmicas do fitoplâncton encontrada, difere de outras áreas da mesma região, no sentido em que as cianobactérias filamentosas são dominantes. Baixas diversidade, concentração média e riqueza de Chlorophyceae e Bacillariophyceae foram encontrados em ambos os reservatórios, embora tenha sido observado um aumento durante o intenso período chuvoso de 2011, sugerindo uma ligeira melhoria da qualidade da água. Em geral, a diversidade no reservatório SN (1,08) foi maior que no AM (0,60). Uma correlação inversa entre a concentração de Cylindrospermopsis sp e outras cianobactérias foi encontrada nos reservatórios SN (R2 = –0,862) e AM (R2 = –0,997). Estações de chuvas intensas podem reduzir as concentrações de cianobactérias devido, provavelmente às elevadas taxas de diluição e renovação da água.

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          Most cited references 36

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          The rise of harmful cyanobacteria blooms: The potential roles of eutrophication and climate change

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            Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time

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              Portaria n. 2.914, de 12 de dezembro de 2011. Dispõe sobre os procedimentos de controle e de vigilância da qualidade da água para consumo humano e seu padrão de potabilidade

              (2011)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rbrh
                RBRH
                RBRH
                Associação Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos (Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil )
                1414-381X
                2318-0331
                April 2017
                : 22
                : 0
                S2318-03312017000100223
                10.1590/2318-0331.011716072

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 50, Pages: 0
                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil
                Categories
                Scientific/Technical Article

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