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      Pharmacokinetics of Cetirizine in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients: Multiple-Dose Study

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          Abstract

          The serum concentration-time profiles of cetirizine were measured in 8 male end-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD). Cetirizine (5 mg) was ingested three times a week during the predialysis period. Blood samples were drawn for basal level evaluation, before and after dialysis on 3 days per week, and before HD the following week. The serum levels of cetirizine were measured using a validated atmospheric-pressure ionization liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method. Basal levels of cetirizine in HD patients were confirmed to be 0 ng/ml. The predialysis levels of cetirizine on days 1, 3, 5, and 8 were (mean ± SD) 2.74 ± 7.76, 34.16 ± 21.55, 35.58 ± 13.43, and 22.47 ± 12.92 ng/ml, respectively. The postdialysis levels of cetirizine 4–5 h after ingestion were as follows (ng/ml): day 1, 103.11 ± 37.27; day 3, 131.34 ± 51.18, and day 5, 136.48 ± 48.72. Between dialysis sessions, no supplemental dosage was required to keep the therapeutic range of 14 ng/ml. In addition, the predialysis levels on day 8 were not statistically different from the basal levels. Evidence from the multiple-dose study supports the clinical use of cetirizine for ESRF patients on HD. Thus, it is concluded that a prescription of 5 mg cetirizine three times a week during the predialysis period will be the effective and safety renal dosage for ESRD patients on HD.

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          • Article: not found

          Supervised atenolol therapy in the management of hemodialysis hypertension.

          Uncontrolled hypertension continues to be a common problem, particularly in noncompliant hemodialysis patients. Atenolol, a water soluble beta-blocker has a prolonged half-life in renal failure and may serve as a useful antihypertensive agent in these patients.
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            • Record: found
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            • Article: not found

            Disordered calcium and phosphorus metabolism during maintenance hemodialysis

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              2001
              2001
              24 August 2001
              : 89
              : 1
              : 101-104
              Affiliations
              Departments of aNephrology and Endocrinology, and bHemodiafiltration, University of Tokyo, and cKodaira Kitaguchi Clinic, Tokyo, Japan
              Article
              46050 Nephron 2001;89:101–104
              10.1159/000046050
              11528239
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 1, References: 15, Pages: 4
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46050
              Categories
              Short Communication

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