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      Mannitol-Induced Acute Renal Failure

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      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Mannitol, Acute renal failure

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          Abstract

          Mannitol is an osmotic diuretic widely used in the diagnosis and prevention of acute oliguric renal failure, acute cerebral edema and acute glaucoma. Mannitol, though ordinarily a benign substance, may accumulate in renal failure with potentially deleterious consequences. Mannitol intoxication is ordinarily characterized by confusion, lethargy, stupor, and if severe enough, coma. The use of mannitol in renal failure has rarely been associated with a worsening of the preexistent renal dysfunction. We report a case of acute oliguric renal failure solely attributable to mannitol administered in the course of therapy for acute glaucoma.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1987
          1987
          05 December 2008
          : 45
          : 3
          : 233-235
          Affiliations
          Department of Medicine and Division of Nephrology, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Va., USA
          Article
          184124 Nephron 1987;45:233–235
          10.1159/000184124
          3106845
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 3
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Acute renal failure, Mannitol

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