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      Happy-Productive Teams and Work Units: A Systematic Review of the ‘Happy-Productive Worker Thesis’

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          Abstract

          The happy-productive worker thesis (HPWT) assumes that happy employees perform better. Given the relevance of teams and work-units in organizations, our aim is to analyze the state of the art on happy-productive work-units (HPWU) through a systematic review and integrate existing research on different collective well-being constructs and collective performance. Research on HPWU (30 studies, 2001–2018) has developed through different constructs of well-being (hedonic: team satisfaction, group affect; and eudaimonic: team engagement) and diverse operationalizations of performance (self-rated team performance, leader-rated team performance, customers’ satisfaction, and objective indicators), thus creating a disintegrated body of knowledge about HPWU. The theoretical frameworks to explain the HPWU relationship are attitude–behavior models, broaden-and-build theory, and the job-demands-resources model. Research models include a variety of antecedents, mediators, and moderating third variables. Most studies are cross-sectional, all propose a causal happy–productive relationship (not the reverse), and generally find positive significant relationships. Scarce but interesting time-lagged evidence supports a causal chain in which collective well-being leads to team performance (organizational citizenship behavior or team creativity), which then leads to objective work-unit performance. To conclude, we identify common issues and challenges across the studies on HPWU, and set out an agenda for future research.

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          WORK ENGAGEMENT: A QUANTITATIVE REVIEW AND TEST OF ITS RELATIONS WITH TASK AND CONTEXTUAL PERFORMANCE

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            HOW IMPORTANT ARE JOB ATTITUDES? META-ANALYTIC COMPARISONS OF INTEGRATIVE BEHAVIORAL OUTCOMES AND TIME SEQUENCES.

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              Job satisfaction and job performance: A meta-analysis.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                ijerph
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                MDPI
                1661-7827
                1660-4601
                20 December 2019
                January 2020
                : 17
                : 1
                : 69
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Psychology, University of the Balearic Islands, 07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain; m.montanez@ 123456uib.es (M.I.M.-J.); silvia.ortiz@ 123456uib.es (S.O.-B.)
                [2 ]IDOCAL (Institut d’Investigació en Psicologia del RRHH, del Desenvolupament Organitzacional i de la Qualitat de Vida Laboral), University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
                [3 ]IVIE (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas), 46020 Valencia, Spain
                [4 ]Work, Organizational and Personnel Psychology Research Group (WOPP), KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; gosia.kozusznik@ 123456kuleuven.be
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: esther.garcia@ 123456uib.es (M.E.G.-B.); jose.m.peiro@ 123456uv.es (J.M.P.); Tel.: +34-971-172-751 (M.E.G.-B.); +34-963-864-689 (J.M.P.)
                Author information
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8596-1481
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5293-0355
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7003-2583
                https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7961-8345
                https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1896-1048
                Article
                ijerph-17-00069
                10.3390/ijerph17010069
                6981377
                31861812
                0ae05424-b6a3-44f4-97af-67448d6f494c
                © 2019 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                History
                : 27 November 2019
                : 17 December 2019
                Categories
                Review

                Public health
                happy,productive,performance,satisfaction,affect,engagement,team,work-unit
                Public health
                happy, productive, performance, satisfaction, affect, engagement, team, work-unit

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