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      Introspecting about Reasons can Reduce Post-Choice Satisfaction

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          Thinking too much: Introspection can reduce the quality of preferences and decisions.

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            Reasons for confidence.

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              Effects of responses to depression on the remediation of depressive affect.

              The effects of different types of responses to a depressed mood on the duration and severity of the mood were examined. On the basis of Nolen-Hoeksema's (1987) response styles theory of depression, it was hypothesized that distracting, active responses would be more effective in alleviating a depressed mood than would ruminative, passive responses. A depressed mood was induced in 35 male and 34 female Ss, and subjects were randomly assigned to engage in 1 of 4 types of responses: an active task that distracted them from their mood; a passive, distracting task; an active task designed to lead to ruminations about their mood; or a passive, ruminative task. As predicted, the greatest remediation of depressed mood was found in Ss in the distracting-active response condition, followed in order by the distracting-passive, ruminative-active, and ruminative-passive response conditions. Degree of rumination had a greater impact on remediation of depressive affect than level of activity, with greater rumination leading to lesser remediation of depressive affect. In addition, the effects of the response tasks were limited to depressed mood. The implications of these results for interventions with depressed persons are discussed.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
                Pers Soc Psychol Bull
                SAGE Publications
                0146-1672
                1552-7433
                July 02 2016
                July 02 2016
                : 19
                : 3
                : 331-339
                Article
                10.1177/0146167293193010
                © 2016

                http://journals.sagepub.com/page/policies/text-and-data-mining-license

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