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      Effectiveness of a Hungarian peer education handwashing programme in primary and secondary schools

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          Abstract

          Purpose

          Proper handwashing helps prevent the spread of communicable diseases. The aim of our study was to analyse and compare children's knowledge and skills in hand hygiene before and after school interventions in order to evaluate the effectiveness of our peer education programme.

          Materials/methods

          In our longitudinal study, short- and long-term changes in the knowledge, hand-washing skills and health behaviour of 224 lower, upper and secondary school students were assessed. Our measurements were performed with a self-administered, anonymous questionnaire and the Semmelweis Scanner.

          Results

          As a result of the intervention, the proportion of correct answers increased significantly both in the short term and in the long run compared to the input measurements, but age differences did not disappear for most variables. There is a difference in the process of learning theoretical knowledge and practical skills. Areas not used for handwashing in the paediatric population are different from those described for adults in the literature. There was no significant difference between the mean scores of the right and left hands.

          Conclusions

          There was a significant positive change in both theory and practice of handwashing. In education, emphasis should also be put on long-term retention of theoretical knowledge in age-specific health promotion programmes within the paediatric population.

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          Author and article information

          Contributors
          Journal
          2066
          Developments in Health Sciences
          DHS
          Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
          2630-9378
          2630-936X
          19 April 2021
          19 November 2020
          : 3
          : 3
          : 58-64
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Semmelweis University , Budapest, Hungary
          [2 ] National Institute of Oncology , Budapest, Hungary
          [3 ] Department of Public Health, Government Office of the Capital City Budapest , Budapest, Hungary
          [4 ] MTA-SE Immune-Proteogenomic Extracellular Vesicle Research Group , Budapest, Hungary
          [5 ] Department of Measurement and Information Systems, Budapest University of Technology and Economics , Budapest, Hungary
          [6 ] Department of Genetics, Cell- and Immunobiology, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, EDUVITAL Foundation , Budapest, Hungary
          Author notes
          [* ]Corresponding author. Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Semmelweis University Vas utca 17, Budapest, H-1088 , Hungary. E-mail: feith@ 123456se-etk.hu
          Article
          10.1556/2066.2020.00011
          0b02cc22-3e77-4d34-9257-07f1c413f377
          © 2020 The Author(s)

          Open Access. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated. (SID_1)

          Page count
          Figures: 3, Tables: 2, Equations: 0, References: 31, Pages: 07
          Custom metadata
          1

          Medicine,Immunology,Health & Social care,Microbiology & Virology,Infectious disease & Microbiology
          handwashing skills,school intervention,peer education,hand-hygiene,handwashing knowledge

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