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      Turbulent Mixing and Nuclear Burning in Stellar Interiors

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          Abstract

          The turbulent burning of nuclei is a common phenomenon in the evolution of stars. Here we examine a challenging case: the merging of the neon and oxygen burning shells in a 23 M\(_{\odot}\) star. A previously unknown quasi-steady state is established by the interplay between mixing, turbulent transport, and nuclear burning. The resulting stellar structure has two burning shells within a single convection zone. We find that the new neon burning layer covers an extended region of the convection zone, with the burning peak occurring substantially below where the Damk\"ohler number first becomes equal to unity. These characteristics differ from those predicted by 1D stellar evolution models of similar ingestion events. We develop the mean-field turbulence equations that govern compositional evolution, and use them to interpret our data set. An important byproduct is a means to quantify sub-grid-scale effects intrinsic to the numerical hydrodynamic scheme. For implicit large eddy simulations, the analysis method is particularly powerful because it can reveal where and how simulated flows are modified by resolution, and provide straightforward physical interpretations of the effects of dissipation or induced transport. Focusing on the mean-field composition variance equations for our analysis, we recover a Kolmogorov rate of turbulent dissipation without it being imposed, in agreement with previous results which used the turbulent kinetic energy equation.

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          Thermonuclear reaction rates V

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            20 August 2018
            Article
            1808.06737

            http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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            17 pages, 8 figures, Submitted to MNRAS
            astro-ph.SR

            Solar & Stellar astrophysics

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