The pain threshold index (PTI) is a novel measure of nociception based on integrated electroencephalogram parameters during general anesthesia. The wavelet index (WLI) reflects the depth of sedation. This study aims to evaluate the ability of the PTI and WLI to predict hemodynamic reactivity after tracheal intubation and skin incision in pediatric patients.
Pediatric patients (n=134) undergoing elective general surgery or urinary surgery were analyzed. Measurements at predefined time-points during tracheal intubation and skin incision included the PTI, WLI, heart rate (HR), and mean blood pressure (MBP). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were computed to evaluate the predictive performance of the PTI and WLI in measuring hemodynamic reactivity (an increase of more than 20% in either MBP or HR) during general anesthesia.
Of the 134 patients evaluated, positive reactivity of HR and MBP was observed in 95 (70.9%) and 61 (45.5%) patients induced by intubation, respectively, and 19 (14.2%) and 24 (17.9%) patients induced by skin incision, respectively. Using either HR or MBP reactivity induced by intubation as a dichotomous variable, the areas under the curves (AUCs) [95% CI] of PTI and WLI were 0.81[0.73–0.87] and 0.58[0.49–0.67] with the best cutoff values of 62 and 49. The AUCs [95% CI] of PTI and WLI were 0.82[0.75–0.88] and 0.61[0.52–0.69] after skin incision. The best cutoff values of PTI and WLI were 60 and 46, respectively.