The aim of this study was to compare the effects of the blockade of nitric oxide (NO) and of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) on the response to vasoconstrictors (VC) and on the flow-pressure curve in the isolated perfused rat kidney. To this end, dose-response curves to phenylephrine and BaCl<sub>2</sub> were studied in the renal vasculature under basal conditions and after the infusion of N<sup>ω</sup>-nitro- L-arginine methyl ester ( L-NAME) and tetraethylammonium (TEA) in endothelium-intact and endothelium-denuded (CHAPS-treated) preparations. In another experiment, renal flow-pressure curves were obtained under basal conditions and after the infusion of L-NAME or TEA. The flow-pressure curve was obtained by increasing renal perfusion flow (RPF) from 2.5 to 15 ml/min/g kidney weight (KW) over the basal level (5 ml/min/g KW). L-NAME or TEA produced a leftward shift of the dose-response curves of both VC, and the simultaneous administration of L-NAME and TEA produced a greater shift to the left in the pressor response curves. CHAPS treatment produced a leftward shift of the dose-response curves of both VC, and the dose-response curves were not significantly modified by the infusion of L-NAME or TEA. L-NAME markedly shifted the flow-pressure curve upward, especially at higher levels of RPF. However, the administration of TEA, perfusate solution (Tyrode) or L-NAME did not significantly change the flow-pressure curve. These results suggest that NO is released in response to VC as well as to increased perfusion flow in the isolated renal vascular bed. However, EDHF release seems to be stimulated by VC but not by increased perfusion flow.