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      The Herbal Medicine Sairei-to Inhibits Proliferation of Rat Mesangial Cells

      , , ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Mitogenesis, Cell cycle, Raf-1, Cyclic AMP

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          Abstract

          Background: The herbal medicine Sairei-to is efficacious in renal diseases where mesangial proliferation is a key event. We examined whether Sairei-to inhibits proliferation of cultured rat mesangial cells and investigated its mechanism of action. Methods: The effect of Sairei-to on [<sup>3</sup>H]-thymidine incorporation stimulated by serum was assessed. Cell cycle was analyzed by flowcytometry. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity was determined by immunecomplex kinase assay. Tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular proteins, and phosphorylation of ERK and Raf-1 were analyzed by immunoblot. Cyclic AMP was measured by radioimmunoassay. Results: Incubation of mesangial cells for 18 h with water-soluble but not insoluble fraction of Sairei-to inhibited serum-stimulated [<sup>3</sup>H]-thymidine incorporation. In subsequent experiments, water-soluble fraction, at a dose required for a half-maximal response (2 mg/ml), was used. Sairei-to inhibited S-phase entry stimulated by serum. Serum-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of p44 and p42 ERK was inhibited by Sairei-to, but that of other cellular proteins was not affected. Suppression of serum-stimulated ERK activation by Sairei-to was confirmed by immunecomplex kinase assay. Activation of Raf-1, an upstream activator of ERK, was also attenuated by Sairei-to. Incubation of cells with Sairei-to significantly increased the generation of cAMP. Conclusions: Sairei-to inhibits serum-induced DNA synthesis of rat mesangial cells by suppressing Raf-1/ERK cascade probably via cAMP.

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          Specificity of receptor tyrosine kinase signaling: transient versus sustained extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation.

          A number of different intracellular signaling pathways have been shown to be activated by receptor tyrosine kinases. These activation events include the phosphoinositide 3-kinase, 70 kDa S6 kinase, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), phospholipase C-gamma, and the Jak/STAT pathways. The precise role of each of these pathways in cell signaling remains to be resolved, but studies on the differentiation of mammalian PC12 cells in tissue culture and the genetics of cell fate determination in Drosophila and Caenorhabditis suggest that the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK-regulated) MAPK pathway may be sufficient for these cellular responses. Experiments with PC12 cells also suggest that the duration of ERK activation is critical for cell signaling decisions.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            2002
            September 2002
            26 September 2002
            : 92
            : 3
            : 652-659
            Affiliations
            Department of Pediatrics, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
            Article
            64112 Nephron 2002;92:652–659
            10.1159/000064112
            12372950
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 6, Tables: 1, References: 22, Pages: 8
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/64112
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            Original Paper

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