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      Acute Oliguric Renal Failure Associated with Unilateral Renal Embolism: A Successful Treatment with Iloprost

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          Abstract

          A 66-year-old woman presented with acute-onset rapid atrial fibrillation and right upper quadrant pain which had appeared 24 h prior to admission. The patient also manifested acute oliguric renal failure (serum creatinine 6.9 mg/dl). Selective renal angiography revealed total occlusion of the right renal artery with normal visualization of the left kidney vasculature. The patient was treated with intra-arterial urokinase and intravenous heparin, with no response. Intravenous administration of the prostacyclin analogue, iloprost, resulted in rapid resolution (within hours) of the oliguric acute renal failure, in spite of the continuing presence of a nonfunctioning right kidney. We conclude that the etiology of the acute renal insult in this patient is probably related to unilateral renal arterial embolization accompanied by arterial spasm of the unaffected kidney. The contralateral vasospasm can be reversed by iloprost, which then leads to a rapid recovery from acute renal failure. We are unaware of prior reports documenting the beneficial effect of iloprost in a clinical setting as described here.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          1998
          October 1998
          10 September 1998
          : 18
          : 5
          : 444-447
          Affiliations
          Departments of a Nephrology and b Nuclear Medicine, Rambam Medical Center, Technion School of Medicine Haifa, Israel
          Article
          13368 Am J Nephrol 1998;18:444–447
          10.1159/000013368
          9730573
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 13, Pages: 4
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13368
          Categories
          Case Report

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Acute renal failure, Iloprost, Renal artery embolism, Vasospasm

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