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      Secrecy Wireless Information and Power Transfer with MISO Beamforming


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          The dual use of radio signals for simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) has recently drawn significant attention. To meet the practical requirement that energy receivers (ERs) operate with significantly higher received power as compared to information receivers (IRs), ERs need to be deployed in more proximity to the transmitter than IRs. However, due to the broadcast nature of wireless channels, one critical issue arises that the messages sent to IRs can be eavesdropped by ERs, which possess better channels from the transmitter. In this paper, we address this new secrecy communication problem in a multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) SWIPT system where one multi-antenna transmitter sends information and energy simultaneously to an IR and multiple ERs, each with one single antenna. To optimally design transmit beamforming vectors and their power allocation, two problems are investigated with different aims: the first problem maximizes the secrecy rate for IR subject to individual harvested energy constraints of ERs, while the second problem maximizes the weighted sum-energy transferred to ERs subject to a secrecy rate constraint for IR. We solve these two non-convex problems optimally by reformulating each of them into a two-stage problem. First, by fixing the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) target for ERs (for the first problem) or IR (for the second problem), we obtain the optimal beamforming and power allocation solution by applying the technique of semidefinite relaxation (SDR). Then, the original problems are solved by a one-dimension search over the optimal SINR target for ERs or IR. Furthermore, for each of the two studied problems, suboptimal solutions of lower complexity are also proposed in which the information and energy beamforming vectors are separately designed with their power allocation.

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          Most cited references 36

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          Convex Optimization

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            MIMO Broadcasting for Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer

             Rui Zhang,  Chin Ho (2013)
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              Wireless Information and Power Transfer: Architecture Design and Rate-Energy Tradeoff

               Xun Zhou,  Rui Zhang,  Chin Ho (2013)

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                accepted by IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing. Longer version of arXiv:1306.0969
                cs.IT math.IT

                Numerical methods, Information systems & theory


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