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      In vitro and in vivo anticancer activity evaluation of ursolic acid derivatives.

      European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

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          Abstract

          Twenty-three ursolic acid (1) derivatives 2-24 (ten novel compounds 8-10, 14-17 and 22-24) modified at the C-3 and the C-28 positions were synthesized, and their structures were confirmed by IR, (1)H NMR, MS, and elemental analysis. The single crystals of compounds 15 and 17 were obtained. The cytotoxic activity of the derivatives was evaluated against HepG2, BGC-823, SH-SY5Y, HeLa and HELF cells by the MTT assay. The induction of apoptosis and affects on the cell cycle distribution with compound 14 were assessed by fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and the activity of caspase-3 in HepG2 cells. Compounds 14-17 had more significant antiproliferative ability against the four cancer cell lines and low cytotoxicity to human embryonic lung fibroblast cells (HELF). Compounds 11, 14-16, 21 and 23 were particularly active against HepG2 cell growth. Compound 14 was selected to investigate cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution. Flow cytometric analysis and morphologic changes of the cell exhibited that treatment of HepG2 cells with compound 14 led to cell apoptosis accompanied by cell cycle arrest at the S phase in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the activity of the caspase-3 enzyme was increased in the treated cells. In vivo studies using H22 xenografts in Kunming mice were conducted with compound 14 at doses of 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg body weight. The results revealed that the medium dosage group (100 mg/kg) showed significant anticancer activity (45.6 ± 4.3%) compared to the control group. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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          21514015
          10.1016/j.ejmech.2011.03.050

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