In pharmacologic doses E series prostaglandins attenuate the development of immune complex nephritis. We studied the effect of the dietary prostaglandin precursor linoleic acid on murine apoferritin-induced immune complex glomerulonephritis. High, normal, or low linoleic acid diets were fed to mice for 4 weeks prior to and during the intraperitoneal apoferritin administration. A high linoleic acid diet feeding was associated with less proteinuria, less renal histologic damage, and prevented a rise in serum creatinine. We conclude that linoleic acid has a protective effect on the development of murine apoferritin-induced immune complex nephritis.