To assess changes in anticoagulation and fibrinolytic systems between biliary and hyperlipidaemic acute pancreatitis (AP).
Patients with biliary or hyperlipidaemic AP were enrolled. Demographic and clinical data were collected, and antithrombin III (ATIII), protein C, protein S, and D-dimer levels were investigated.
A total of 45 patients with biliary AP and 50 patients with hyperlipidaemic AP were included (68 with mild AP and 27 with moderately-severe AP). ATIII and protein C levels in the mild AP group were significantly higher, but prothrombin time and D-dimer were significantly lower, versus the moderately-severe AP group. ATIII and D-dimer were found to be risk factors for moderately-severe AP. ATIII could predict AP severity, particularly in patients with biliary AP. D-dimer was a sensitive and specific predictor for disease severity in patients with AP, particularly in patients with hyperlipidaemic AP.
ATIII and protein C levels decreased as severity of AP increased, particularly in cases of biliary AP. D-dimer levels increased with severity of AP, particularly in hyperlipidaemic AP. ATIII and D-dimer may be useful biomarkers for assessing AP severity in patients with biliary and hyperlipidaemic AP, respectively.