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      Is Open Access

      Attachment and problematic Facebook use in adolescents: The mediating role of metacognitions

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          Background and aims

          Recent research used attachment theory and the metacognitive tenet as frameworks to explain problematic Facebook use (PFU). This study aims to test, in a single model, the role of different attachment styles and metacognitions in PFU among adolescents.


          Two separate studies were conducted in order to establish the link between security (Study 1) and insecurity (Study 2), metacognitions, and PFU. A total of 369 and 442 Italian adolescents (age: 14–20 years old) participated in Study 1 and Study 2, respectively.


          Path analyses revealed the relative importance of different attachment dimensions with mother and father in predicting PFU and the mediating role of metacognitions between attachment styles and PFU.

          Discussion and conclusion

          In conclusion, since attachment styles and PFU may significantly affect adolescents’ development and well-being, the results of this study may provide some practical indications for researchers and practitioners.

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          Most cited references 88

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          Social Media Use for News and Individuals' Social Capital, Civic Engagement and Political Participation

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            Emotional autonomy versus detachment: revisiting the vicissitudes of adolescence and young adulthood.

             J. Lynch,  Katie Ryan (1989)
            3 studies reexamine Steinberg and Silverberg's construct of "emotional autonomy" (EA) in adolescent and young adult samples. We argue that rather than measuring either autonomy or independence, EA represents emotional detachment from parents. In Study 1, EA is shown to be negatively associated with early adolescents' (n = 148) reported quality of attachment to parents, but not to friends. In Study 2, EA is shown to be positively related to experienced parental rejection but largely unrelated to perceived independence-support in a high school sample (n = 193). In Study 3, EA in young adults (n = 104) is inversely related to measures of family cohesion, parental acceptance, independence support, and self-perceived lovability. Finally, a projective measure of parental nurturance taken by a subsample of subjects (n = 58) was associated negatively with EA but positively with perceived lovability. Discussion concerns the conceptualization of attachment versus detachment, dependence, and autonomy in theories of adolescence.
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              Unregulated Internet Usage: Addiction, Habit, or Deficient Self-Regulation?


                Author and article information

                J Behav Addict
                J Behav Addict
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                29 March 2019
                March 2019
                : 8
                : 1
                : 63-78
                [1 ]Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, Università degli Studi di Padova , Padova, Italy
                [2 ]Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University , London, UK
                [3 ]Dipartimento di Storia, Società e Studi sull’uomo, Università del Salento , Lecce, Italy
                [4 ]Studi Cognitivi , Milano, Italy
                [5 ]Department of Psychology, Sigmund Freud University , Milano, Italy
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: Claudia Marino; Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, Università degli Studi di Padova, via Venezia 8, Padova 35125, Italy; Phone: +39 049 827 6402; Fax: +39 049 827 6547; E-mail: claudia.marino@
                © 2019 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 2, Equations: 0, References: 96, Pages: 16
                Funding sources: No financial support was received for this study.
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