Coyotes (Canis latrans Say, 1823) have increased their range dramatically over the
past century. Formerly restricted to western North America, they now roam across the
continent, in many habitats including large cities. One of the last areas in North
America without coyotes has been Long Island, NY, a 3629 km2 island in the New York
metropolitan area. Here we summarize all verified accounts of coyotes on Long Island,
including the first record of breeding. There are few coyotes on Long Island currently;
however, given the history of coyote success, we expect coyotes to establish a growing
population there in the near future.