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      Analysis of the elderly HIV/AIDS cases in Wuzhou, Guangxi, 2014–2018

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          Abstract

          Objective To analyze the cases of the elderly HIV/AIDS in Wuzhou, Guangxi during 2014–2018, and to provide scientific basis for HIV prevention and control.

          Methods Based the data retrieved from the National HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Information Management System, a descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the cases of the elderly HIV/AIDS in Wuzhou during 2014–2018.

          Results During 2014–2018, 737 elderly HIV/AIDS cases were newly reported in Wuzhou City, accounting for 48.01% (737/1 535) of the total newly reported cases. Among them, male accounted for 74.22% (547/737) and female accounted for 25.78% (190/737). The cases of 50–69 years old group accounted for the largest proportion 88.33% (651/737). The oldest 83 years old in male cases and the oldest 81 years old in female cases. Married peoples accounted 62.28% (459/737) and divorced or widowed peoples accounted for 27.68% (204/737). 83.58% (616/737) of cases were peasants. Most cases had low education level, junior middle school and the following cultural degree accounted for 91.99% (678/737). The most important sample sources were hospital screening accounted for 71.10% (524/737), and voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) accounted for 18.18% (134/737). Heterosexual sexual transmission accounted for 97.70% (720/ 737) and non-marital heterosexual sex accounted for 84.94% (626/737) and men who have sex with men (MSM) accounted for 1.76% (13/737).

          Conclusions To prevent the spread of HIV among the elderly persons, sexual health education should be taken as the focus for serving elderly persons.

          Abstract

          摘要: 目的 分析 2014—2018 年广西梧州市老年人 HIV/AIDS 病例数据,为制定针对性防治措施和模式提供科学 依据。 方法 以全国艾滋病综合防治信息系统数据为基础,采用描述性流行病学方法分析梧州市 2014—2018 年老年 人HIV/AIDS病例报告特征。 结果 梧州市 2014—2018 年新发现的老年HIV/AIDS报告病例737例,占新报告总病例数 的48.01% (737/1 535)。 男性病例547例,占74.22%(547/737);女性病例 190 例,占 25.78% ( 190/737)。 年龄主要集中在 50~69岁,占88.33%(651/737), 男性病例年龄最大的83岁,女性病例年龄最大的 81 岁。 婚姻状况以巳婚有配偶为主, 占62.28%(459/737), 其次是离婚或丧偶,占27.68%(204/737)。 职业以农民为主,占83.58%(616/737)。 文化水平普遍 较低,以初中及以下文化程度为主,占91.99%(678/737)。 病例样本来源以医疗机构检测为主,占71.10%(524/737), 其 次是自愿咨询检测,占 18.18%(134/737)。 97.70%(720/737)老年人HIV/AIDS病例的感染途径为异性传播。 有非婚性 接触史的病例占 84.94%(626/737), 有男男性行为接触史的病例占 1.76% (13/737)。 结论 预防艾滋病在老年人群体 中传播,应将性健康教育作为服务老年人群体的重点工作。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CTM
          China Tropical Medicine
          China Tropical Medicine (China )
          1009-9727
          01 January 2020
          01 March 2020
          : 20
          : 1
          : 49-52
          Affiliations
          1Wuzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuzhou, Guangxi 543002, China
          Article
          j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.01.11
          10.13604/j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.01.11
          © 2020 Editorial Department of China Tropical Medicine

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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