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      Resistance Artery Tone Is Influenced Independently by Pressure and by Flow

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      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Flow, Pressure, Tone, Resistance artery

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          Abstract

          The responses of rabbit resistance arteries to pressure and flow have been examined using two in vitro techniques – when mounted isometrically in a myograph and when perfused using a video system that automatically registers diameter. The latter approach allows pressure and flow to be independently controlled. Under such circumstances three responses were studied; myogenic contraction and flow-dependent constriction and dilation. All responses occurred after endothelium removal and were unaffected by indomethacin (10<sup>–6</sup> M). The pressure and flow effects can be elicited separately and have different ionic bases. The effective stimulus for the myogenic response is stretch and that for flow is presumably shear stress. The mechano-transducers for these effects are different and are located either in the vascular smooth muscle cells or their surrounding extracellular matrix.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5330-8
          978-3-318-01614-7
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1990
          1990
          23 September 2008
          : 27
          : 2-5
          : 202-207
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology and Vermont Center for Vascular Research, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vt., USA
          Article
          158811 Blood Vessels 1990;27:202–207
          10.1159/000158811
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Mechanisms of Vasodilatation

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