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      Effect of Captopril on Acetylcholine-lnduced Relaxation in the Presence of Nitroglycerin Tolerance in Isolated Rabbit Aorta

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          Abstract

          We investigated the effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors on acetylcholine-induced endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the presence of nitroglycerin tolerance in rings of rabbit thoracic aorta mounted in tissue baths and precontracted with 10<sup>–6</sup> M norepinephrine. The vasorelaxant effects of acetylcholine were measured before and after 1 h treatment with 5 × 10<sup>–4</sup> M nitroglycerin. The acetylcholine dose-response curve shifted to the right after the induction of nitroglycerin tolerance. Pretreatment with captopril (a sulfhydryl angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor), but not with M-1 (a metabolite of delapril and a nonsulfhydryl angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor) restored acetylcholine-induced relaxation. Pretreatment with N-acetylcysteine also restored reduced acetylcholine-induced relaxation. These results suggest that the sulfhydryl group plays a major role in restoration of reduced acetylcholine-induced vasodilation in the presence of nitroglycerin tolerance.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1995
          1995
          24 September 2008
          : 32
          : 5
          : 347-352
          Affiliations
          aThird Department of Internal Medicine, Ohashi Hospital, Toho University School of Medicine, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, and bCardiology Division, National Medical Center Hospital, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan
          Article
          159109 J Vasc Res 1995;32:347–352
          10.1159/000159109
          7578803
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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