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      Zidovudine Therapy and Left Ventricular Function and Mass in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients

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          Abstract

          Human immunodeficiency virus-infected (HIV) patients frequently present left ventricular dysfunction. Its etiology is not elucidated but zidovudine has been postulated as a possible cause factor. This study is an attempt to clarify this issue by evaluating the effect of zidovudine therapy on left ventricular function in these patients. We prospectively studied by echocardiographic examination 11 consecutive HIV-infected patients who were assigned for zidovudine therapy. We excluded patients that had a history or a physical examination suggestive of ischemic, rheumatic, congenital, or hypertensive heart disease. Patients with diabetes mellitus, excessive ethanol intake and patients on potentially cardiodepressant drugs were also excluded. Echocardiographic examination was performed immediately before the initiation of zidovudine therapy and 1 and 3 months later. Left ventricular diameters, mass and fractional shortening showed no significant difference from baseline, at 1 or 3 months after the initiation of zidovudine therapy. Our results suggest that zidovudine therapy has no effect on left ventricular diameters, mass or fractional shortening during a short term.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          19 November 2008
          : 88
          : 1
          : 26-28
          Affiliations
          aService of Cardiology and, bService of Infectious Diseases, Porto Medical School, Hospital de S. João, Alameda Professor Hernani Monteiro, Porto, Portugal
          Article
          177305 Cardiology 1997;88:26–28
          10.1159/000177305
          8960621
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 3
          Categories
          Clinical Pharmacology

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