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      Simultaneous Analysis of Organophosphorus Pesticides in Water by Magnetic Solid-Phase Extraction Coupled with GC–MS

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      Chromatographia

      Springer Nature

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          Determination of organic compounds in water using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction.

          A new microextraction technique termed dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) was developed. DLLME is a very simple and rapid method for extraction and preconcentration of organic compounds from water samples. In this method, the appropriate mixture of extraction solvent (8.0 microL C2Cl4) and disperser solvent (1.00 mL acetone) are injected into the aqueous sample (5.00 mL) by syringe, rapidly. Therefore, cloudy solution is formed. In fact, it is consisted of fine particles of extraction solvent which is dispersed entirely into aqueous phase. After centrifuging, the fine particles of extraction solvent are sedimented in the bottom of the conical test tube (5.0 +/- 0.2 microL). The performance of DLLME is illustrated with the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water samples by using gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). Some important parameters, such as kind of extraction and disperser solvent and volume of them, and extraction time were investigated. Under the optimum conditions the enrichment factor ranged from 603 to 1113 and the recovery ranged from 60.3 to 111.3%. The linear range was 0.02-200 microg/L (four orders of magnitude) and limit of detection was 0.007-0.030 microg/L for most of analytes. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) for 2 microg/L of PAHs in water by using internal standard were in the range 1.4-10.2% (n = 5). The recoveries of PAHs from surface water at spiking level of 5.0 microg/L were 82.0-111.0%. The ability of DLLME technique in the extraction of other organic compounds such as organochlorine pesticides, organophosphorus pesticides and substituted benzene compounds (benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, and xylenes) from water samples were studied. The advantages of DLLME method are simplicity of operation, rapidity, low cost, high recovery, and enrichment factor.
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            One-nanometer-scale size-controlled synthesis of monodisperse magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles.

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              Past, present, and future of periodic mesoporous organosilicas-the PMOs.

              Periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs) represent an exciting new class of organic-inorganic nanocomposites targeted for a broad range of applications such as catalysis and sensing, separations, and microelectronics. Their hallmark is the presence of organic bridging groups incorporated into the channel walls of an ordered nanoporous structure, which represents a useful tool to finely tune the chemical and physical properties of the materials. We discuss the history of the discovery and development of the PMOs emphasizing the most important recent advancements regarding compositions and structures, morphologies, and properties. Furthermore, we present an outlook about the promising future perspectives of PMOs that result from the latest developments in this field.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Chromatographia
                Chromatographia
                Springer Nature
                0009-5893
                1612-1112
                May 2013
                February 12 2013
                May 2013
                : 76
                : 9-10
                : 535-540
                Article
                10.1007/s10337-013-2408-8
                © 2013
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