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      Aspects of Vitamin A

      research-article
      ,
      The Ulster Medical Journal
      The Ulster Medical Society
      Hydrocephalus, Poliomyelitis, Teratology

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          Abstract

          Musgrave Park Hospital in 1942 was the site of an Anglo-American Vitamin A caper. A threatened court-martial was pre-empted. Subsequently the Queen's lecturer in Anatomy, JW Millen, who was the other lecturer to the first editor of this journal, RH Hunter, did much distinguished work. The neurological effects of Vitamin A were elucidated. Further work on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), placenta, thalidomide and poliomyelitis led to the pre-eminence in applied anatomy and teratology of now Reader James Wilson Millen and Professors JD Boyd and WJ Hamilton, all Queen's Medical School graduates. Training of RH Hunter, JH Biggart and JD Boyd at Johns Hopkins University profoundly influenced these seminal discoveries. The Garretts, a family of Lisburn, County Down origin, saved Johns Hopkins Hospital and Medical School from financial disaster. The Garretts founded a commercial and mercantile empire that took control of the Baltimore and Ohio (B and O) Railroad and enabled the Garretts to dictate that women should be admitted to the Hopkins Medical School and Hospital on exactly the same terms as men. All women and men should already be university honours graduates. Winston S Churchill on his progress up and down the B and O main line in March 1946, recounted to President Harry S Truman and Harry Hopkins his mother's tales of the Garrett boys' adventures.

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          Most cited references89

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          Epidemic jaundice: Harvard's 5th General Hospital at Musgrave Park in World War II.

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            The analyst and the medical man

            F. Hopkins (1906)
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              ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF THE NUCLEAR MEMBRANE OF AMOEBA PROTEUS

              An electron microscope study of the nuclear membrane of Amoeba proteus by thin sectioning techniques has revealed an ultrastructure in the outer layer of the membrane that is homologous to the pores and annuli observed in the nuclear membranes of many other cell types studied by these techniques. An inner honeycombed layer apparently unique to Amoeba proteus is also described.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Ulster Med J
                The Ulster Medical Journal
                The Ulster Medical Society
                0041-6193
                September 2009
                : 78
                : 3
                : 171-178
                Affiliations
                simpleDavid S Sheridan Professorship in Anaesthesia and Respiratory Therapy, Harvard University 1400 VFW Parkway, Boston, MA 0232-4927 USA
                Author notes
                Correspondence to Prof Hedley-Whyte john_hedley-whyte@ 123456hms.harvard.edu
                [*]

                All first-person references in this paper are to the first author.

                Article
                2773603
                19907684
                0df5cc14-c76f-4e00-863c-b28c1c7344b3
                © The Ulster Medical Society, 2009
                History
                : 22 April 2009
                Categories
                Medical History

                Medicine
                teratology,poliomyelitis,hydrocephalus
                Medicine
                teratology, poliomyelitis, hydrocephalus

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