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      Salud perinatal de la población migrante Translated title: Migrant population and perinatal health

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          Abstract

          Introducción. La cantidad de migrantes extranjeros tiende a crecer. La situación de los residentes fuera de su propio país es compleja y genera un impacto en el sistema público de salud. El objetivo del trabajo fue analizar el riesgo perinatal de las madres migrantes y de sus recién nacidos en comparación con las madres argentinas nativas y sus recién nacidos. Métodos. Estudio de cohortes que incluyó a 2000 madres y sus recién nacidos (1000 migrantes y 1000 nativos) asistidos en una maternidad pública. Resultados. Los madres nativas presentaron mayor proporción de recién nacidos con bajo peso al nacer (9,9% contra 5,3; p < 0,01), primigestas (42% contra 37%; p= 0,012) y embarazo adolescente (6% contra 1,3%; p< 0,001). Las mujeres migrantes presentaron mayor proporción de embarazos mal controlados (21,7% contra 13,4%; p < 0,01), serología positiva para Chagas (3,2% contra 0,4%; p < 0,01) y recién nacidos que requirieron luminoterapia (20,5% contra 14,3%; p= 0,04). Conclusión. En este estudio, las madres argentinas presentaron mayor proporción de recién nacidos de bajo peso al nacer, primigestas y embarazo adolescente, mientras que las mujeres migrantes presentaron mayor proporción de serología positiva para Chagas, déficit en los controles del embarazo y luminoterapia en sus recién nacidos.

          Translated abstract

          Introduction. The number of foreign migrants tends to grow. The situation of people living away from their own country is complex and has an impact on the public health system. The objective of this article was to analyze the perinatal risk of migrant mothers and their newborn infants in comparison to native Argentine mothers and their newborn infants. Methods. Cohort study that included 2000 mothers and their newborn infants (1000 migrants and 1000 natives) assisted at a public maternity hospital. Results. Native mothers had a higher rate of low birth weight newborn infants (9.9% versus 5.3%; p <0.01), primiparity (42% versus 37%; p= 0.012), and adolescent pregnancy (6% versus 1.3%; p <0.001). Migrant women had a higher rate of poorly controlled pregnancies (21.7% versus 13.4%; p <0.01), positive serology for Chagas disease (3.2% versus 0.4%; p <0.01), and newborn infants requiring phototherapy (20.5% versus 14.3%; p =0.04). Conclusion. In our study, Argentine mothers had a higher rate of low birth weight newborn infants, primiparity and adolescent pregnancies, while immigrant women had higher rate of positive serology for Chagas disease, poor antenatal controls and more newborn infants requiring phototherapy.

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          Most cited references 24

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          Review: intrahepatic cholestasis. A puzzling disorder of pregnancy.

          Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is characterized by skin pruritus and a biochemical cholestasis of mild to moderate severity appearing during pregnancy (mainly in the third trimester) and disappearing after delivery. It recurs in 40-60% of future pregnancies. The intensity of pruritus and the laboratory alterations (increased serum bile salts and transaminases in almost all patients, hyperbilirubinaemia in 20% of patients) fluctuate during one pregnancy and also vary in subsequent affected pregnancies. This disease has no meaningful consequences for the mother; in contrast, it is associated with an increased risk of foetal distress, causing premature deliveries and stillbirths. Cholestasis of pregnancy has been recognized in most countries and ethnic groups but its prevalence is higher in Chile (14% of deliveries in 1975 and approximately 4% in 1995) and in Sweden than in other countries. The cause in unknown. Sex hormones, mainly oestrogens and progesterone, appear to be involved in its pathogenesis. An interplay between a genetic metabolic predisposition and some environmental factor(s) is apparently relevant. Clinical and experimental studies suggest that a marginal selenium deficiency could be a dietary pathogenic factor. Some drugs attenuate pruritus and improve maternal cholestasis, but not the foetal prognosis. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) administration provides a significant improvement in maternal pruritus and in the biochemical abnormalities, with no adverse effects in the mother or child. Recent clinical and experimental studies show that UDCA administration improves maternal disease and foetal prognosis without any detectable adverse effects.
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            Aspectos médicos y sociales de la maternidad en la adolescencia

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              Mujeres migrantes de América Latina y el Caribe: derechos humanos, mitos y duras realidades

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                aap
                Archivos argentinos de pediatría
                Arch. argent. pediatr.
                Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría (Buenos Aires )
                1668-3501
                June 2013
                : 111
                : 3
                : 213-217
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Hospital General de Niños Pedro de Elizalde Argentina
                [2 ] Hospital Materno-Infantil Ramón Sardá Argentina
                S0325-00752013000300007
                10.5546/aap.2013.213

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Argentina
                Categories
                PEDIATRICS

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