This study presents a novel visible light-active TiO 2 nanotube anode film by sensitization with Bi 2O 3 nanoparticles. The uniform incorporation of Bi 2O 3 contributes to largely enhancing the solar light absorption and photoelectric conversion efficiency of TiO 2 nanotubes. Due to the energy level difference between Bi 2O 3 and TiO 2, the built-in electric field is suggested to be formed in the Bi 2O 3 sensitized TiO 2 hybrid, which effectively separates the photo-generated electron-hole pairs and hence improves the photocatalytic activity. It is also found that the photoelectric conversion efficiency of Bi 2O 3 sensitized TiO 2 nanotubes is not in direct proportion with the content of the sensitizer, Bi 2O 3, which should be carefully controlled to realize excellent photoelectrical properties. With a narrower energy band gap relative to TiO 2, the sensitizer Bi 2O 3 can efficiently harvest the solar energy to generate electrons and holes, while TiO 2 collects and transports the charge carriers. The new-type visible light-sensitive photocatalyst presented in this paper will shed light on sensitizing many other wide-band-gap semiconductors for improving solar photocatalysis, and on understanding the visible light-driven photocatalysis through narrow-band-gap semiconductor coupling.