Our aims were to study left ventricular (LV) function and myocardial blood flow reserve (MBFR) in long-term type 1 diabetes and associations with advanced glycation end products (AGEs). A total of 20 type 1 diabetes patients from the Oslo Study without significant stenosis on coronary angiography were compared with 26 controls. LV systolic and diastolic functions were assessed by two-dimensional strain and the ratio between pulsed Doppler transmitral early (E) velocity and tissue Doppler velocity (E'), respectively. MBFR was evaluated by contrast echocardiography. The AGE methylglyoxal-derived hydroimidazolone was analysed in serum. Glyoxal hydroimidazolone in skin collagen was determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Strain was significantly reduced (-19.5% ± 1.9% vs -21.4% ± 3.5%, p < 0.05), and E/E' increased in the diabetes patients compared to controls, 7.3 ± 2 versus 6.0 ± 1.5, p < 0.05. Significant lower MBFR was present in the diabetes patients, 3.4 (2.1, 5.3) versus 5.9 (3.9, 9.6), p < 0.01. Both AGEs correlated significantly with E/E'. The impaired LV function with correlation to AGEs in concert with reduced MBFR in diabetics without coronary artery disease may indicate possible mechanisms for diabetic cardiomyopathy.