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      Estereotipos y Roles de Género en la Evaluación Laboral y Personal de Hombres y Mujeres en Cargos de Dirección Translated title: Gender Stereotypes and Roles in the Labor and Personal Evaluation of Men and Women in Management Positions

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          Abstract

          En base a la teoría de la congruencia de roles (Eagly, 1987), este estudio analizó cómo estereotipos y roles de género afectaban la evaluación que recibía un hombre y una mujer gerente. El estudio fue cuasi experimental, transversal e inter sujeto. Participaron 242 ejecutivos, quienes debían leer la descripción de un gerente hombre o mujer y evaluarle en varios dominios laborales y personales. Se realizaron análisis univariados, multivariados y de mediciones repetidas de la varianza, considerando sexo del evaluado y del participante y ámbito (laboral y personal). No se encontraron diferencias en las evaluaciones con respecto al sexo de los participantes o de los evaluados. Sí se encontró un efecto principal del ámbito, recibiendo gerentes hombres y mujeres una evaluación mayor en el entorno laboral que en el personal.

          Translated abstract

          Based on the congruence role theory (Eagly, 1987), this study analyzed how gender stereotypes and gender role expectations influenced the evaluations of either a female or a male executive officer. The study was quasi-experimental and transversal, with a mixed design. Two hundred and forty two managers were asked to read the description of an executive officer and evaluate the target on various domains in both work and personal settings. One-way, factorial, and repeated measures analysis of variance were performed, considering target's and participant's sex and setting (work or intimate setting). The results showed that neither the participant's nor the target's sex influenced evaluations. However, a main effect was found for setting, such that both men and women were better evaluated in the working setting than in the personal setting.

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          Most cited references45

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          Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders.

          A role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders proposes that perceived incongruity between the female gender role and leadership roles leads to 2 forms of prejudice: (a) perceiving women less favorably than men as potential occupants of leadership roles and (b) evaluating behavior that fulfills the prescriptions of a leader role less favorably when it is enacted by a woman. One consequence is that attitudes are less positive toward female than male leaders and potential leaders. Other consequences are that it is more difficult for women to become leaders and to achieve success in leadership roles. Evidence from varied research paradigms substantiates that these consequences occur, especially in situations that heighten perceptions of incongruity between the female gender role and leadership roles.
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            Description and Prescription: How Gender Stereotypes Prevent Women's Ascent Up the Organizational Ladder

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              Prescriptive Gender Stereotypes and Backlash Toward Agentic Women

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                psykhe
                Psykhe (Santiago)
                Psykhe
                Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Santiago, , Chile )
                0718-2228
                November 2009
                : 18
                : 2
                : 51-64
                Affiliations
                [02] orgnamePontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Chile
                [01] orgnameUniversidad Diego Portales Chile
                Article
                S0718-22282009000200004 S0718-2228(09)01800204
                10.4067/S0718-22282009000200004
                0e6464e6-1e89-45a2-b818-4aa982041e7b

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : September 2009
                : November 2008
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 46, Pages: 14
                Product

                SciELO Chile

                Categories
                Artículos

                mujeres,evaluación de desempeño,trabajo,estereotipos y roles de género,women,performance evaluation,work,gender roles,gender stereotypes

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