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      Strengthening research on behavioral risk factors with myopia, bridge the gap between research and practice

      research-article
      1 , 1 ,
      Chinese Journal of School Health
      Chinese Journal of School Health
      Myopia, Behavior, Risk factors, Child, Adolescent

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          Abstract

          Myopia is becoming a global public health problem, the prevalence of myopia among Chinese children and adolescents is high. The nature and nurture etiologies of myopia have been debated for a long time, and current evidence suggests that behavioral and environmental factors are the main causes of myopia in children and adolescents. Challenges in research on behavioral risk factors include cross-sectional design, as well as limited longitudinal and intervention. Therefore, future studies need to highlight cohorts study and intervention study, and bring in implementation research to evaluate the significance of application, so as to bridge gaps between research evidence and practice for prevention and control of myopia.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 儿童青少年近视已成为全球性公共卫生问题, 当前中国儿童青少年近视患病率居髙不下。近视的遗传与环境病因争论已久, 目前研究认为行为与环境因素是儿童青少年近视的主要原因。近视相关的行为风险因素研究仍面临挑战, 研究设计以横断面调査居多, 来自队列研究和干预研究证据较少, 因此未来需重点开展队列和干预研究, 引人实施性研究设计以评价其应用转化的意义, 从而弥合近视研究到防控实践的鸿沟。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 March 2022
          01 April 2022
          : 43
          : 3
          : 321-324
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Maternal, Child & Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University/MOE Key Laboratory of Population Health Across Life Cycle/Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health & Aristogenics, Hefei (230032), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: TAO Fangbiao, E-mail: fbtao@ 123456ahmu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.03.001
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.03.001
          0e940527-9493-4d06-8a4f-3d16ad7ca898
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Child,Myopia,Behavior,Risk factors,Adolescent

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