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      Is the Blood Flow in the Left Ventricle during the Isovolumic Relaxation Period a Useful Parameter of Left Ventricular Systolic and Early Diastolic Performance?

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          Abstract

          Left ventricular (LV) early diastolic performance is determined by LV behavior in the late systole to early diastole and may relate to the physical potential of patients. Isovolumic relaxation flow (IRF) velocity was obtained by continuous Doppler echocardiography in the left ventricle from the apex in 26 patients with atypical chest pain and 63 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with or without prior myocardial infarction (MI) who underwent cardiac catheterization. In each patient, a time constant of LV relaxation (τ) was calculated from the LV pressure waves obtained by a catheter-tipped micromanometer. The LV end-systolic volume index was measured using contrast left ventriculography. IRF velocity in patients having CAD with prior MI (24.8 ± 5.4 cm/s) was significantly less than in those with atypical chest pain (41.2 ± 9.6 cm/s). It was also significantly less than in patients having CAD without prior MI (37.3 ± 6.8 cm/s). IRF velocity significantly correlated with the time constant τ (r = –0.42, p < 0.001) and LV end-systolic volume index (r = –0.84, p < 0.001). This study indicates that IRF velocity obtained by continuous Doppler echocardiography in the left ventricle provides important information regarding LV systolic performance and early diastolic performance.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1999
          September 1999
          24 September 1999
          : 91
          : 3
          : 184-188
          Affiliations
          aThird Department of Internal Medicine, Nagoya City University Medical School and bDepartment of Medicine, Nagoya City Sports and Rehabilitation Center, Nagoya, Japan
          Article
          6907 Cardiology 1999;91:184–188
          10.1159/000006907
          10516412
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 4, Tables: 1, References: 17, Pages: 5
          Categories
          Catheterization and Interventional Cardiology

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