Blog
About

26
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      The Three Models of Emotional Intelligence and Performance in a Hot and Cool go/no-go Task in Undergraduate Students

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Emotional intelligence (EI), or the ability to perceive, use, understand and regulate emotions, appears to be helpful in the performance of “hot” (i.e., emotionally laden) cognitive tasks when using performance-based ability models, but not when using self-report EI models. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between EI (as measured through a performance-based ability test, a self-report mixed test and a self-report ability test) and cognitive control ability during the performance of hot and “cool” (i.e., non-emotionally laden) “go/no-go” tasks. An experimental design was used for this study in which 187 undergraduate students (25% men) with a mean age of 21.93 years (standard deviation [SD] = 3.8) completed the three EI tests of interest (Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test [MSCEIT], Trait Meta-Mood Scale [TMMS] and Emotional Quotient Inventory–Short Form [EQi:S]) as well as go/no-go tasks using faces and geometric figures as stimuli. The results provide evidence for negative associations between the “managing” branch of EI measured through the performance-based ability test of EI and the cognitive control index of the hot go/no-go task, although similar evidence was not found when using the cool task. Further, the present study failed to observe consistent results when using the self-report EI instruments. These findings are discussed in terms of both the validity and implications of the various EI models.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 54

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions.

           J. R. Stroop (1935)
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function.

            The prefrontal cortex has long been suspected to play an important role in cognitive control, in the ability to orchestrate thought and action in accordance with internal goals. Its neural basis, however, has remained a mystery. Here, we propose that cognitive control stems from the active maintenance of patterns of activity in the prefrontal cortex that represent goals and the means to achieve them. They provide bias signals to other brain structures whose net effect is to guide the flow of activity along neural pathways that establish the proper mappings between inputs, internal states, and outputs needed to perform a given task. We review neurophysiological, neurobiological, neuroimaging, and computational studies that support this theory and discuss its implications as well as further issues to be addressed
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              The role of the medial frontal cortex in cognitive control.

              Adaptive goal-directed behavior involves monitoring of ongoing actions and performance outcomes, and subsequent adjustments of behavior and learning. We evaluate new findings in cognitive neuroscience concerning cortical interactions that subserve the recruitment and implementation of such cognitive control. A review of primate and human studies, along with a meta-analysis of the human functional neuroimaging literature, suggest that the detection of unfavorable outcomes, response errors, response conflict, and decision uncertainty elicits largely overlapping clusters of activation foci in an extensive part of the posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC). A direct link is delineated between activity in this area and subsequent adjustments in performance. Emerging evidence points to functional interactions between the pMFC and the lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC), so that monitoring-related pMFC activity serves as a signal that engages regulatory processes in the LPFC to implement performance adjustments.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Behav Neurosci
                Front Behav Neurosci
                Front. Behav. Neurosci.
                Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1662-5153
                22 February 2017
                2017
                : 11
                Affiliations
                1Department of Basic Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga Málaga, Spain
                2Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Granada Granada, Spain
                Author notes

                Edited by: Nuno Sousa, ICVS and University of Minho, Portugal

                Reviewed by: Giampaolo Robert Perna, University of Miami, USA; Luísa Faria, University of Porto, Portugal

                *Correspondence: Pablo Fernández-Berrocal berrocal@ 123456uma.es
                Article
                10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00033
                5319994
                Copyright © 2017 Gutiérrez-Cobo, Cabello and Fernández-Berrocal.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution and reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 9, Tables: 2, Equations: 9, References: 66, Pages: 13, Words: 10701
                Funding
                Funded by: Agencia de Innovación y Desarrollo de Andalucía 10.13039/501100006461
                Funded by: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad 10.13039/501100003329
                Award ID: PSI2012-37490
                Categories
                Neuroscience
                Original Research

                Neurosciences

                cool tasks, hot tasks, go/no-go tasks, cognitive control, emotional intelligence

                Comments

                Comment on this article