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      Body image in Brazil: recent advances in the state of knowledge and methodological issues Translated title: Imagem corporal no Brasil: avanços recentes no estado de conhecimento e em questões metodológicas


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          To analyze Brazilian literature on body image and the theoretical and methodological advances that have been made.


          A detailed review was undertaken of the Brazilian literature on body image, selecting published articles, dissertations and theses from the SciELO, SCOPUS, LILACS and PubMed databases and the CAPES thesis database. Google Scholar was also used. There was no start date for the search, which used the following search terms: “body image” AND “Brazil” AND “scale(s)”; “body image” AND “Brazil” AND “questionnaire(s)”; “body image” AND “Brazil” AND “instrument(s)”; “body image” limited to Brazil and “body image”.


          The majority of measures available were intended to be used in college students, with half of them evaluating satisfaction/dissatisfaction with the body. Females and adolescents of both sexes were the most studied population. There has been a significant increase in the number of available instruments. Nevertheless, numerous published studies have used non-validated instruments, with much confusion in the use of the appropriate terms (e.g., perception, dissatisfaction, distortion).


          Much more is needed to understand body image within the Brazilian population, especially in terms of evaluating different age groups and diversifying the components/dimensions assessed. However, interest in this theme is increasing, and important steps have been taken in a short space of time.

          Translated abstract


          Analisar a literatura brasileira sobre imagem corporal e os avanços teóricos e metodológicos alcançados.


          Foi realizada revisão crítica da literatura sobre imagem corporal no Brasil e selecionados apenas artigos, dissertações e teses publicados. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados: SciELO, SCOPUS, LILACS, PubMed, Banco de Teses da CAPES e também por meio da ferramenta de busca Google Acadêmico. Não foi estipulado limite mínimo de data para as publicações e foram utilizados os seguintes descritores: “body image” AND “Brazil” AND “scale(s)”; “body image” AND “Brazil” AND “questionnaire(s)”; “body image” AND “Brazil” AND “instrument(s)”; “body image” limited to Brazil e “imagem corporal”.


          A maioria das medidas disponíveis foi voltada à população de universitários, metade das quais foi sobre avaliação de satisfação/insatisfação com o corpo. Mulheres e adolescentes de ambos os sexos foram os grupos mais estudados. Houve aumento expressivo no número de medidas de avaliação disponíveis. No entanto, ainda há grande quantidade de estudos que utilizaram medidas não validadas e muita impropriedade no uso de termos adequados (e.g., percepção, insatisfação, distorção).


          É preciso muito mais para a compreensão da imagem corporal na população brasileira, especialmente por meio da avaliação de populações em diferentes faixas etárias e da diversificação dos componentes/dimensão acessados. Entretanto, o interesse pelo tema é crescente e passos importantes têm sido dados rapidamente.

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          Most cited references532

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          The (mis)measurement of body image: ten strategies to improve assessment for applied and research purposes.

          Body image is a multifaceted construct consisting of a variety of measured dimensions. Research in the area has mushroomed in recent years, a phenomenon paralleled by an explosion in the assessments developed to measure some aspect of the construct. Unfortunately, these developments have not always been guided by a clear-cut attention to measurement issues. Assessment errors specific to the field of body image and also germane to basic psychological measurement strategies have characterized much of the work in the area. This article outlines 10 such issues with accompanying examples and suggestions for avoiding such pitfalls. Attention to these seemingly minor methodological details should result in a more consistent conceptualization of body image, utilization of appropriate measures in specific contexts, and engender more valid comparisons of findings across disparate studies.
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            Concurrent and discriminant validity of the Stunkard's figure rating scale adapted into Portuguese.

            This study examined the concurrent and discriminant validity of the Figure Rating Scale adapted into Portuguese. The sample was composed of a control group (98 students without eating disorders) and a clinical group (16 women diagnosed with Bulimia Nervosa). Respondents chose schematic figures representing their current and ideal body sizes. The difference between the two choices was calculated to give an ideal discrepancy score. There were high correlations between body mass index and current body size or ideal discrepancy score. The ideal discrepancy scores were greater among the clinical group, indicating that the scale could discriminate between the two groups. The results of this preliminary work indicate that the scale is a valid measure of body image when used in Brazil.
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              Body image assessment: A review of figural drawing scales


                Author and article information

                Rev Saude Publica
                Rev Saude Publica
                Revista de Saúde Pública
                Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
                April 2014
                : 48
                : 2
                : 331-346
                [I ]Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicobiologia. Universidade de São Paulo. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil
                [II ]Curso de Nutrição. Universidade de Ribeirão Preto. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil
                [III ]Faculdade de Educação Física. Instituto de Ciências Humanas. Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. Juiz de Fora, MG, Brasil
                [IV ]Núcleo de Educação Física e Ciências do Esporte. Centro Acadêmico de Vitória. Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Vitória de Santo Antão, PE, Brasil
                [V ]Departamento de Psicologia. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto. Universidade de São Paulo. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Sebastião Sousa Almeida, Laboratório de Nutrição e Comportamento, Departamento de Psicologia Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto - USP, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900 Monte Alegre 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil. E-mail: sebasalm@ 123456usp.br

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                : 20 May 2013
                : 4 December 2013

                body image,scales,questionnaires,evaluation, methods,review
                body image, scales, questionnaires, evaluation, methods, review


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