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      Premature arterial stiffening in Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome linked to early induction of Lysyl Oxidase (LOX) and corrected by LOX inhibition

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          SUMMARY

          Arterial stiffening is a hallmark of premature aging in Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS), but the key molecular regulators initiating arterial stiffening in HGPS remain unknown. To identify these early events, we compared arterial mechanics and ECM remodeling in very young HGPS (LMNA G609G/G609G) mice to those of age-matched and much older wild-type (WT) mice. Biaxial inflation-extension tests of carotid arteries of 2-month mice showed that circumferential stiffness of HGPS arteries was comparable to that of 24-month WT controls whereas axial arterial stiffening, an additional hallmark of normal aging, was mostly spared in HGPS. In an effort to identify underlying mechanisms, we examined expression levels of the major stiffness-regulatory molecules in WT and HGPS arteries. Transmission electron microscopy revealed slightly increased amounts of collagen within the elastin folds of HGPS carotid arteries, but this change was barely detectable by immunostaining carotid cross sections or qPCR of isolated aortas for collagens I, III, or V. Elastin integrity was also similar in the WT and HGPS arteries. In contrast, immunostaining readily revealed an increased expression of Lysyl oxidase (LOX) protein in young HGPS carotid arteries relative to aged-matched WT controls. Further analysis showed that HGPS arteries express increased amounts of LOX mRNA, and this effect extends to each of the arterial LOX family members. Remarkably, treatment of HGPS mice with the pan-LOX inhibitor β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) restored near-normal circumferential arterial mechanics to HGPS carotid arteries, mechanistically and causally linking LOX upregulation to premature arterial stiffening in HGPS. Finally, we show that this premature increase in arterial LOX expression in HGPS foreshadows the increased expression of LOX that accompanies circumferential arterial stiffening during normal aging.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          bioRxiv
          September 18 2019
          Article
          10.1101/773184
          © 2019
          Product

          Molecular biology

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