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      First records of the pest leaf beetle Chrysolina ( Chrysolinopsis) americana (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) in Cyprus - a study initiated from social media

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          Abstract

          The leaf beetle Chrysolina ( Chrysolinopsis) americana (Linnaeus, 1758), commonly known as the Rosemary beetle, is native to some parts of the Mediterranean region. In the last few decades, it has expanded its distribution to new regions in the North and Eastern Mediterranean basin. Chrysolina americana feeds on plants of the Lamiaceae family, such as Rosmarinus officinalis , Lavandula spp., Salvia spp., Thymus spp. and others. Chrysolina americana is considered a pest, as many of its host plants are of commercial importance and are often used as ornamentals in house gardens and green public spaces. In this work, we report the first occurrence of C. americana in Cyprus and we present its establishment, expansion and distribution across the Island, through recordings for the period 2015 – 2020. The study was initiated from a post on a Facebook group, where the species was noticed in Cyprus for the first time, indicating that social media and citizen science can be particularly helpful in biodiversity research.

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          Citizen science. Next steps for citizen science.

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            Systema Naturae

            This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original book / thesis / monograph Linnaeus, Carolus (1758): Systema Naturae. Stockholm: Laurentius Salvius, DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542
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              Leaf and Seed Beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Chapter 8.3

              The inventory of the leaf and seed beetles alien to Europe revealed a total of 25 species of which 14 seed beetles (bruchids) and 11 leaf beetles mostly belonging to the subfamilies Alticinae and Chrysomelinae. At present, aliens account for 9.4% of the total fauna of seed beetles in Europe whereas this percentage is less than 1% for leaf beetles. Whilst seed beetles dominated the introductions in Europe until 1950, there has been an exponential increase in the rate of arrival of leaf beetles since then. New leaf beetles arrived at an average rate of 0.6 species per year during the period 2000–2009. Most alien species originated from Asia but this pattern is mainly due to seed beetles of which a half are of Asian origin whereas leaf beetles predominantly originated from North America (36.4%). Unlike other insect groups, a large number of alien species have colonized most of Europe. All but one species have been introduced accidentally with either the trade of beans or as contaminants of vegetal crops or stowaway. Most aliens presently concentrate in man-made habitats but little affect natural habitats (<6%). Highly negative economic impacts have been recorded on stored pulses of legumes and crops but very little is known about possible ecological impact.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2021
                12 February 2021
                : 9
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Association for the Protection of Natural Heritage and Biodiversity of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus Association for the Protection of Natural Heritage and Biodiversity of Cyprus Nicosia Cyprus
                [2 ] Energy, Environment & Water Research Center, The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia, Cyprus Energy, Environment & Water Research Center, The Cyprus Institute Nicosia Cyprus
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Michael Hadjiconstantis ( mikehadji@ 123456outlook.com ).

                Academic editor: Marianna Simões

                Article
                61349 15202
                10.3897/BDJ.9.e61349
                7895809
                Michael Hadjiconstantis, Christos Zoumides

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 1, References: 17
                Categories
                Research Article

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