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      First aid ability of elderly residents in mature communities of Beijing: a cross-sectional survey

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          Abstract

          Objective To examine the status quo of first aid ability among home-dwelling elderly in mature communities in Beijing.

          Methods Using accidental sampling and a self-designed questionnaire, we conducted a survey among 498 permanent residents aged ≥ 65 years in 3 mature communities in Chaoyang district of Beijing during January 2017.

          Results The average awareness rate of first aid knowledge was 66.8% for the 496 elderly completing the survey and 53.0% of the respondents reported basic first aid knowledge. The respondents reported higher awareness rates for phone number for calling ambulance, discrimination of stroke, and dealing with falling and lower awareness rates for discrimination of foreign body in respiratory tract and heatstroke treatment. The respondents′ basic first aid knowledge was influenced by marital status, annual household income, and education. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that higher education was a significant promoting factor for respondents′ basic first aid knowledge; the respondents with senior high school/vocational high school/technical secondary school were more likely to have basic first aid knowledge than those with little literacy/primary school education (odds ratio = 4.059, 95% confidence interval: 2.184 – 7.545). There were 86.1% of the respondents not having received any training on first aid and 79.2% considering first aid as one of basic skills for survival.

          Conclusion First aid ability of elderly residents in mature communities of Beijing city needs to be improved

          Abstract

          【摘 要】 目的 了解北京市成熟社区居家老人应急救护能力现状。 方法 采用偶遇抽样方法,于 2017 年 1 月在朝阳区 3 个街道内,使用自行设计的调查问卷进行调查,共发出调查问卷 498 份,回收有效问卷 496 份。 结果 调查对象应急救护知识平均知晓率为 66.8 %,具备基本应急救护知识的调查对象占 53.0 %;知晓率前 3 位的依次为“救护车呼叫号码”“中风辨别”和“跌倒处理”,知晓率最低的两项为“气道异物梗阻辨别”和“中暑处理”。婚姻状况、家庭年收入和文化程度是影响调查对象基本应急救护知识水平的因素。多因素 logistic 回归分析显示,较高文化程度是影响社区老人基本应急救护知识水平的保护因素,高中/职高/中专文化程度的社区老人比识字很少/小学文化程度的具备基本应急救护知识的可能性高 4.059 倍(95 % CI = 2.184~7.545)。86.1 %调查对象未接受过应急救护相关培训,79.2 %调查对象认为“急救是生存的基本技能之一”。 结论 北京市成熟社区老人应急救护能力有待提高。

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CPH
          Chinese Journal of Public Health
          Chinese Journal of Public Health (China )
          1001-0580
          01 March 2019
          17 August 2018
          : 35
          : 3
          : 328-331
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Training Center of Red Cross Society of China, Beijing 100010, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: Zhao Jianzhong, E-mail: zhaojzh@ 123456126.com
          Article
          zgggws1119487
          10.11847/zgggws1119487
          0fb458df-3ea0-4bb6-87d3-916550b9d2f2
          © 2019 China Public Health Editorial Department

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Categories
          Journal Article

          Medicine,Nutrition & Dietetics,Occupational & Environmental medicine,Health & Social care,Infectious disease & Microbiology,Public health
          requirement,elderly people,awareness rate,survey,first aid

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