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      Lunch satisfaction of primary and middle school students in 8 cities in China

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          Abstract

          Objective To investigate students' satisfaction on school feeding program in 8 cities in China, and to provide the basis for improving school feeding management and lunch quality.

          Methods Multi-stage random cluster sampling method was used to randomly select the second-, fifth- and eighth-grade students from 67 primary and middle schools in 8 cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Harbin, Shijiazhuang, Guangzhou, Changsha, Bengbu and Pinghu.

          Results A total of 15 475 students participated in the survey, 15 170 (98.0%) of which were valid questionnaires. A total of 13 297 (87.7%) students had lunch in school. Twenty-six (38.8%), 14 (20.9%) and 27 (40.3%) schools served lunch by self-run canteens, custody canteens, and food delivery companies respectively. Twenty-one schools provided milk or yogurt for lunch, accounting for 31.3%. The reported rates of very satisfied, satisfied, moderate, dissatisfied, and extremely dissatisfied among students were 40. 8%, 28. 1%, 20. 1%, 7. 3%, and 3. 6%, respectively. The satisfaction rate of the eighth-grade students was lower than that of the second-and fifth-grade (56.9% vs 77. 1% vs 73.5%). The satisfaction rate among students from schools with self-run canteen was higher than that of custody canteens and food delivery companies (73.8% vs 60.5% vs 66.2%). The satisfaction rate of school lunch is highest in dining surrounding (75. 3%), followed by amount of meals (71.6%), food hygiene (71.1%), food combination (65.4%), and the appearance of the food (60.5%), and food taste (55.9%).

          Conclusion The satisfaction rate of students for school lunch was acceptable. The food taste is the main factor for students' dissatisfaction. Schools should be encouraged to provide lunch in the self-run canteens with tasty food while meeting the nutritional standard.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解中国城市中小学供餐情况及学生满意度,为加强学校供餐管理和改善午餐质量提供依据。 方法 采用多阶段随机整群抽样方法,从北京、上海、哈尔滨、石家庄、广州、长沙、蚌埠、平湖等8个城市的67所中小学中,随机抽 取小学二年级、小学五年级、初中二年级学生共15 170名进行调査。 结果 在学校就餐的学生有13 297名,占87.7%。调 査学校共67所,采用自办食堂、托管食堂、送餐企业供餐的学校分别有26,14,27所,分别占38.8%,20.9%,40.3%; 其中21 所学校的午餐提供纯牛奶或酸奶,占31.3%。学生对学校午餐整体上非常满意、比较满意、一般、比较不满意、非常不满意 的比例分别为40.8%,28.1%,20.1%,7.3%,3.6%;其中初二学生满意率(56.9%)低于小二和小五学生(77.1%,73.5%),自 办食堂供餐学生的满意率 (73.8%)髙于托管食堂和送餐企业供餐的学生(60.5%,66.2%)。学生对学校午餐各项因素的满 意率顺位从髙到低分别为就餐环境(75.3%)、饭菜份量(71.6%)、饭菜卫生(71.1%)、食物搭配(65.4%)、饭菜外观 (60.5%)、饭菜口味(55.9%)。 结论 学生对学校午餐的满意率尚可,饭菜口味是学生不满意的主要因素。应鼓励学校自 办食堂为学生提供午餐,在满足学生正常营养需求的前提下,改善饭菜口味。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese School Health Editorial Department (China )
          1000-9817
          01 February 2020
          01 January 2020
          : 40
          : 2
          : 179-185
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Beijing (100191), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: Ma Guansheng, E-mail: mags@ 123456bjmu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.02.006
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.02.006
          0fbf9441-f515-44bc-b02d-6601a13215cb
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Organization and administration,Nutritional status,Diet surveys

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