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      The physical properties, lignin distribution, chemical composition of fibers and gas exchange rate of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) varieties under prolonged water deficiency


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          The fundamental characteristics and physical properties of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) fibers cultivated and subjected to three different water frequencies in Universiti Putra Malaysia, were analyzed. For deep analysis, which includes micro-scale viewing for identification of kenaf cell wall structure, fibers were viewed in order to study the physical characteristics, anatomy, and lignin distribution. The chemical composition was determined considering Technical Association of Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI) methods. Water stress treatments were imposed on the plants four weeks after germination when they had attained more than four leaves: daily watering based on soil field capacity (100% ER; well watered), water stress imposition 1 month after seedling establishment completion (1 MAS) and water stress imposition at flowering stage (AFS). Each water treatment was replicated three times in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) in split plot arrangement with water treatments as the main plots and the varieties as the sub-plots; irrigation system was applied for the purpose. Different water treatments and different varieties at the end of experimental period had significant impact on fiber dimensions and physiological attributes. Fiber quality attributes, gas exchange rate and Growth parameters were affected in negative way when all varieties had been subjected to water stress regardless of time of stress imposition.

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          Most cited references29

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          Higher plant antioxidants and redox signaling under environmental stresses.

          Main antioxidants in higher plants include glutathione, ascorbate, tocopherol, proline, betaine, and others, which are also information-rich redox buffers and important redox signaling components that interact with biomembrane-related compartments. As an evolutionary consequence of aerobic life for higher plants, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed by partial reduction of molecular oxygen. The above enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in higher plants can protect their cells from oxidative damage by scavenging ROS. In addition to crucial roles in defense system and as enzyme cofactors, antioxidants influence higher plant growth and development by modifying processes from mitosis and cell elongation to senescence and death. Most importantly, they provide essential information on cellular redox state, and regulate gene expression associated with biotic and abiotic stress responses to optimize defense and survival. An overview of the literature is presented in terms of main antioxidants and redox signaling in plant cells. Special attention is given to ROS and ROS-antioxidant interaction as a metabolic interface for different types of signals derived from metabolism and from the changing environment, which regulates the appropriate induction of acclimation processes or, execution of cell death programs, which are the two essential directions for higher plants.
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              Chlorite Holocellulose, Its Fractionation and Bearing on Summative Wood Analysis and on Studies on the Hemicelluloses


                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal of soil science and plant nutrition
                J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr.
                Chilean Society of Soil Science/Sociedad Chilena de la Ciencia del Suelo (Temuco, , Chile )
                September 2016
                : 16
                : 3
                : 716-730
                [02] Serdang Selangor orgnameUniversiti Putra Malaysia orgdiv1Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products MALAYSIA
                [01] Serdang Selangor orgnameUniversiti Putra Malaysia orgdiv1Faculty of Agriculture orgdiv2Department of Crop Science MALAYSIA

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 23, Pages: 15

                SciELO Chile

                Water frequency,cell wall structure,fiber dimensions,anatomy and lignin distribution


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