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      Changes in the Actin Cytoskeleton of Cardiac Capillary Endothelial Cells during Ischaemia and Reperfusion: The Effect of Phalloidin on Cell Shape

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          Abstract

          A reduction in capillary dimensions has been demonstrated in postischaemic reperfusion in the heart. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that in ischaemia and ischaemia followed by reperfusion, the change in shape of the constituent endothelial cells can be inhibited by phalloidin which stabilises the actin microfilament system. Isolated, perfused rat hearts were made globally ischaemic both with and without reperfusion and in the presence or absence of phalloidin. Changes in ischaemic endothelial cell dimensions were quantified by measuring whole capillary and luminal cross-sectional areas, abluminal and luminal membrane lengths. The distribution of β-actin within the endothelial cells was determined by immunocytochemistry. In control hearts, β-actin is distributed throughout the endothelium with a slight increase towards the luminal membrane. In ischaemia, this was more marked and other patterns of actin distribution were also observed. After reperfusion, a ‘double ring’ of actin could be distinguished. With phalloidin, the actin staining was more regular and the ring pattern was not observed. Morphometry showed that phalloidin was more effective in reducing endothelial cell shape change after reperfusion than after ischaemia alone. We conclude that endothelial cell shape change on reperfusion can be modified by agents which target the contractile proteins.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                JVR
                J Vasc Res
                10.1159/issn.1018-1172
                Journal of Vascular Research
                S. Karger AG
                1018-1172
                1423-0135
                2002
                February 2002
                13 February 2002
                : 39
                : 1
                : 72-82
                Affiliations
                William Harvey Research Institute, Biomedical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK
                Article
                48995 J Vasc Res 2002;39:72–82
                10.1159/000048995
                11844939
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 1, References: 37, Pages: 11
                Categories
                Research Paper

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