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      Using item response theory to investigate the structure of anticipated affect: do self-reports about future affective reactions conform to typical or maximal models?

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          Abstract

          In the present research, we used item response theory (IRT) to examine whether effective predictions (anticipated affect) conforms to a typical (i.e., what people usually do) or a maximal behavior process (i.e., what people can do). The former, correspond to non-monotonic ideal point IRT models, whereas the latter correspond to monotonic dominance IRT models. A convenience, cross-sectional student sample ( N = 1624) was used. Participants were asked to report on anticipated positive and negative affect around a hypothetical event (emotions surrounding the start of a new business). We carried out analysis comparing graded response model (GRM), a dominance IRT model, against generalized graded unfolding model, an unfolding IRT model. We found that the GRM provided a better fit to the data. Findings suggest that the self-report responses to anticipated affect conform to dominance response process (i.e., maximal behavior). The paper also discusses implications for a growing literature on anticipated affect.

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          Most cited references 21

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          SPSS and SAS programs for determining the number of components using parallel analysis and Velicer’s MAP test

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            Belief and feeling: evidence for an accessibility model of emotional self-report.

             G. Clore,  D. Robinson (2002)
            This review organizes a variety of phenomena related to emotional self-report. In doing so, the authors offer an accessibility model that specifies the types of factors that contribute to emotional self-reports under different reporting conditions. One important distinction is between emotion, which is episodic, experiential, and contextual, and beliefs about emotion, which are semantic, conceptual, and decontextualized. This distinction is important in understanding the discrepancies that often occur when people are asked to report on feelings they are currently experiencing versus those that they are not currently experiencing. The accessibility model provides an organizing framework for understanding self-reports of emotion and suggests some new directions for research.
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              Relationship between attitudes and evaluative space: A critical review, with emphasis on the separability of positive and negative substrates.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1664-1078
                24 September 2015
                2015
                : 6
                Affiliations
                1Management Systems Laboratory, School of Production Engineering and Management, Technical University of Crete Chania, Greece
                2The Applied Psychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Crete Rethymnon, Greece
                Author notes

                Edited by: Pietro Cipresso, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico – Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Italy

                Reviewed by: Nelson Silva Filho, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Brazil; Tim J. Croudace, University of Dundee, UK

                *Correspondence: Konstantinos Kafetsios, The Applied Psychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Gallos Campus, Rethymnon, Crete 74100, Greece, k.kafetsios@ 123456psy.soc.uoc.gr

                This article was submitted to Quantitative Psychology and Measurement, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Article
                10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01438
                4585228
                Copyright © 2015 Zampetakis, Lerakis, Kafetsios and Moustakis.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, Equations: 0, References: 35, Pages: 8, Words: 0
                Funding
                Funded by: European Social Fund 10.13039/501100004895
                Categories
                Psychology
                Original Research

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